To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
In 1983 Lenell Geter was given a life sentence for a series of armed robberies that he did not commit. After serving eighteen months in prison, he was released when new evidence revealed that another man committed the crimes. An investigation into the case showed that the prosecution's key witness had made a tragic error. The police had shown the witness a photo lineup shortly after the crime occurred. At that time the witness reported that the assailant was not present in the lineup. Several months later the same witness was shown another lineup. It contained five photographs, four new photographs, and one photograph that had been present in the first lineup. The witness selected the “old” or “familiar” photograph, and the person in the photograph was Lenell Geter. Apparently the witness did not remember having seen Geter's photograph in the first lineup, and as a result she incorrectly associated its familiarity with the crime, and made a false identification (Buckhout, 1984). In a similar case, a ticket agent in a railroad station was the victim of an armed robbery (Houts, 1963; Loftus, 1976; Read, Tollestrup, Hammersley, McFadzen, & Christensen, 1990). From a police lineup the ticket agent identified a sailor who had proof that he could not have been at the station at the time of the robbery. When questioned as to why he misidentified the sailor, the ticket agent claimed the sailor looked familiar to him. An investigation discovered that the sailor lived near the train station, and had purchased tickets from the agent at three different times prior to the robbery.
Adult Eyewitness Testimony: Current Trends and Developments provides an overview of empirical research on eyewitness testimony and identification accuracy, covering both theory and application. The volume is organized to address three important issues. First, what are the cognitive, social and physical factors that influence the accuracy of eyewitness reports? Second, how should lineups be constructed and verbal testimony be taken to improve the chances of obtaining accurate information? And third, whose testimony should be believed? Are there differences between accurate and inaccurate witnesses, and can jurors make such a distinction? Adult Eyewitness Testimony: Current Trends and Developments is crucial reading for memory researchers, as well as police officers, judges, lawyers and other members of the judicial system.
The impetus for this book was a symposium that was presented at the American Psychological Society meeting in Washington, D.C. in June of 1991. Following the symposium there was a general agreement among the six symposium contributors of the need for an edited volume directed at surveying the wide range of topics on eyewitness testimony that were being investigated. As many observers have noted, the field of psychology and the law has seen enormous growth within the last decade and within this broad field the topic of eyewitness testimony has received a great deal of attention. Because there had not been a volume dedicated to adult eyewitness testimony since the 1984 classic, Eyewitness Testimony: Psychological Perspectives, edited by Gary Wells and Elizabeth Loftus and published by Cambridge University Press, we embarked on this project to fill a void in the literature. We chose topics that are representative of the diversity of research currently being conducted in the field.
In the history of the legal system, there are numerous examples of individuals who have been accused, tried, and convicted of crimes they did not commit. These unfortunate events can follow the misidentification of an innocent person from a police lineup by an eyewitness when the court has accepted and weighted the identification evidence heavily in its decision. The present volume is designed to provide an overview of current empirical research on adult eyewitness testimony and identification accuracy, providing insight into theory and application. The volume contains eighteen chapters written by psycholegal researchers from the United States, Canada, Scotland, and Germany.