Fifty-one patients were enrolled in a double-blind, parallel group, multicentre study conducted to assess short-term efficacy and tolerance of bromocriptine (Parlodel®) or L-DOPA/carbidopa (Sinemet®) in patients never treated with amantadine, ergot alkaloids or L-DOPA-based drugs. An attempt to use the lowest effective dose was made. The responder rate for each group was approximately 78%; the mean daily dose for responders was 22.5 mg of bromocriptine or 250 mg of L-DOPA/carbidopa. The overall clinical improvement in each group was 62% (bromocriptine) and 55% (L-DOPA/carbidopa) for neurological assessment and 36% (bromocriptine) and 31% (L-DOPA/carbidopa) for functional disability. Comparison between groups did not show any significant difference for both neurological and disability assessments. The most frequent side effect was nausea (L-DOPA, N = 3; bromocriptine, N=6).