To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
OBJECTIVES/GOALS: Particulate matter (PM) and metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) increase risk of World Trade Center-Lung Injury (WTC-LI). Mediterranean-type diets have also been found to improve lung function. Fire Department of New York 1st-responders with a high PM exposure at WTC and MetSyn may have improved lung function after a Mediterranean dietary intervention. METHODS/STUDY POPULATION: Food Intake REstriction for Health OUtcome Support and Education (FIREHOUSE) randomized clinical trial (RCT) assessed our hypothesis that a low-calorie Mediterranean (LoCalMed) intervention targeting clinically relevant disease modifiers will improve metabolic risk, subclinical indicators of cardiopulmonary disease, quality of life, and lung function in firefighters with WTC-LI. Primary-outcome targeted a LoCalMed loss of BMI(≥1kg/m2). Secondary-outcomes included lung function, quality of life, and cardiovascular health. Male firefighters with WTC-LI and a BMI>27kg/m2 were randomized to: 1. LoCalMed (n=46); or 2. Usual Care (UC; n=43). Clinicaltrials.gov:NCT03581006. RESULTS/ANTICIPATED RESULTS: LoCalMed’s estimated efficacy on BMI reduction crossed the pre-specified significance boundary on interim analysis compared to UC. In addition, improvements were observed in secondary-outcomes of lung health (FEV1 and FVC), inflammation (WBC), vascular disease (DBP), quality of life (SF-36, health perception) and dietary habits (less cholesterol, carbohydrates, fats, and sweets and increased protein) in the LoCalMed arm. DISCUSSION/SIGNIFICANCE: LoCalMed significantly decreased BMI and alleviated adverse health outcomes in our WTC-exposed first responders. A fully powered RCT is required to determine if this approach is efficacious for the treatment of WTC-associated pulmonary disease, as well as LoCalMed’s generalizability to PM associated disease.
The FAMCARE Scale was originally designed to measure family satisfaction with advanced cancer care. The current study evaluated the instrument's psychometric qualities when used in the long-term care (LTC) setting.
In a prospective cohort study in 2004, the 20-item instrument was administered via telephone to family members of 51 patients receiving LTC in Veterans Affairs facilities. Satisfaction scores on a 5-point Likert scale were used for factor analysis and internal consistency evaluation.
Although 16 patients were in geriatric palliative care and 35 were in nursing home care, scores of their family members did not vary based on care unit. The total satisfaction score was high, with a mean (SD) of 44.7 (11.9) and a Cronbach alpha of 0.94. Inter-item correlations were low for care availability items (range, 0.01–0.59). Two items—availability of a hospital bed and availability of nurses to the family—had low eigenvalues (0.26 and 0.18, respectively) and weak correlations with the total score (0.23 and 0.16, respectively).
Significance of results:
In the LTC setting, FAMCARE appears to have good internal consistency, but it may be preferable to exclude the two items with weak correlations and to use a 10-point visual analog scale.
Over the past decade, genetic tests have become available for a wide
variety of disorders. As a result we are able to predict, with some
degree of certainty, whether or not an individual will develop such
diseases as breast cancer, Huntington's disease, polycystic kidney
disease, and familial adenomatous polyposis. The ability to predict
disease poses several unique ethical considerations for clinical
decisionmaking regarding the provision of genetic testing. Patients
must be able to comprehend the complexities of genetic testing and the
potential meaning of the results. Patients must consider the emotional,
social, and economic consequences of revelations regarding their risk
status. Also, obtaining information on risk status may have
implications for persons other than the individual seeking genetic
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.