Results of experimental and computational investigations devoted to energy transfer mechanisms and X-ray conversion efficiency in laser-produced plasma are presented and discussed. The layers of different thicknesses and diameters deposited on the plane mylar substrate were irradiated by the focused beam of Nd:glass laser. Spectrally, temporally, and spatially resolved measurements of soft X-ray emission have been carried out at power densities of 1013-1014 W/cm2. The conditions of “re-emission” zone formation have been established. Radiative heat conductivity is shown to be the important energy transfer mechanism in the experimental conditions under investigation.