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Insurance accounting has for many years proved a challenging topic for standard setters, preparers and users, often described as a “black box”. Will recent developments, in particular the July 2010 Insurance Contracts Exposure Draft, herald a new era?
This paper reviews these developments, setting out key issues and implications. It concentrates on issues relevant to life insurers, although much of the content is also relevant to non-life insurers.
The paper compares certain IFRS and Solvency II developments, recognising that UK insurers face challenges in implementing new financial and regulatory reporting requirements in similar timeframes. The paper considers resulting external disclosure requirements and a possible future role for supplementary information.
The purpose of this investigation is to evaluate the effects that relatively minor changes in phosphoric acid anodizing (PAA) parameters (voltage, temperature, time) have on oxide morphology and the subsequent penetration of an applied adhesive-primer into the porous oxide. This preliminary study examines two cases, one in which industry-standard PAA parameters have been followed, and a second in which the PAA parameters are slightly above industry limits.
Baseline PAA parameters have been developed in the aerospace industry from extensive empirical testing in order to maximize adhesive bond strength and durability in the presence aggressive environments. It has been noted that for effective mechanical strength of structurally bonded elements, penetration of the adhesive primer into the porous oxide formed by an anodizing pre-treatment is critical. Verifying primer penetration is somewhat problematic due to the high spatial resolution required to both structurally and chemically characterize an oxide film on the order of one micron in thickness.
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