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Thin films of ZnO co-doped with lithium and phosphorus were deposited on sapphire substrates by RF magnetron sputtering. The films were sequentially deposited from ultra pure ZnO and Li3PO4 solid targets. Post deposition annealing was carried using a rapid thermal processor in O2 and N2 at temperatures ranging from 500 °C to 1000 °C for 3 min. Analyses performed using low temperature photoluminescence spectroscopy measurements reveal luminescence peaks at 3.359, 3.306, 3.245 eV for the co-doped samples. The x-ray diffraction 2θ-scans for all the films showed a single peak at about 34.4° with full width at half maximum of about 0.17°. Hall Effect measurements revealed conductivities that change from p-type to n-type over time.
The simulation and experiment results of delta-doped AlGaN/GaN heterostructure field-effect transistors (HFETs) with the incorporation of highly-resistive AlN epilayer are reported. The high quality AlN epilayer is used as the dislocation filter for the HFET structure growth, and the high resistivity of AlN also removes the parasitic conduction related with the GaN bulk buffer. Delta doping can reduce gate leakage, further more, our simulation and growth results demonstrate that delta-doping in the barrier is more effective than uniform doping scheme to increase the sheet electron density. The influence of spacer layer thickness on the electron mobility and sheet electron density is also presented. The DC characterization of the fabricated devices shows our structure has a very high performance with a maximum current ∼ 1 A/mm.
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