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To determine whether demographic characteristics or balance examination findings can predict the adherence of older people with instability to a vestibular rehabilitation programme.
A prospective case–control study was conducted of 120 patients aged 65 years or more (mean age, 77.3 ± 6.33 years). Two groups were classified according to patients’ adherence with the follow-up post-rehabilitation protocol. Analysed variables included: age, sex, body mass index, Timed Up and Go test findings, computerised dynamic posturography, Dizziness Handicap Inventory scores and Short Falls Efficacy Scale – International questionnaire results, number of falls, and type of vestibular rehabilitation.
Two groups were established: adherents (99 individuals) and non-adherents (21 individuals). There were differences between the groups regarding: sex (female-to-male ratio of 4.8:1 in adherents and 1.63:1 in non-adherents), age (higher in non-adherents) and voluntary movement posturographic test results (non-adherents had poorer scores).
The patients most likely to abandon a vestibular rehabilitation programme are very elderly males with low scores for centre of gravity balancing and limits of stability.
To evaluate the efficacy of the Santiago treatment protocol for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo of the posterior semicircular canal, to analyse recurrence and to establish prognostic factors.
Material and methods:
Four hundred and twelve patients with unilateral benign paroxysmal positional vertigo of the posterior semicircular canal were treated with the Semont manoeuvre and, if symptoms did not resolve, successive application of three Epley manoeuvres plus Brandt–Daroff exercises.
Symptoms resolved in 404 patients (98.1 per cent); a single Semont manoeuvre was sufficient in 334 (81.2 per cent). Aetiology had no impact on resolution of symptoms or number of manoeuvres required. The estimated likelihood of recurrence was 14 per cent in the first year and 27 per cent after 10 years. The only factor indicating a worse prognosis was recurrence.
In unilateral benign paroxysmal positional vertigo of the posterior semicircular canal, the above treatment protocol cured 98 per cent of patients. More than half of recurrences occurred in the first year. None of the analysed factors increased the likelihood of recurrence.
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