To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
“Weedy” red rice is a problematic weed with phenotypic similarities to cultivated rice. Limited herbicide availability has driven a need for nonchemical control options for managing this pest. One preplanting strategy that is being explored is the stale seedbed methodology, which aims to maximize soil seedbank withdrawals via germination. This technique is adapted in rice by flooding a field, waiting for germination and emergence of weed seedlings, and completing the method with a mechanical or chemical control application. Optimization of this process is dependent on maximizing weed seed germination, which is primarily influenced by both temperature and moisture availability. Germinability across a range of these factors is not well understood in California red rice. Thus, this study aimed to determine germinability of California red rice accessions under various temperature and water potential treatments. Previously described red rice accessions 1, 2, 3, and 5, along with ‘M206’, a common California rice cultivar, were exposed to temperatures from 10 to 40 C in 5 C increments in combination with water potentials of 0, −0.2, −0.4, or −0.8 MPa until either germination or weed seed decay occurred. Statistical analysis indicated a three-way interaction between accession, temperature, and water potential. Germination reached 95% or greater when seeds were exposed to temperatures from 20 to 35 C in combination with 0 or −0.2 MPa. Germination was lowest when seeds were water stressed (−0.8 MPa) and when temperatures were colder than 20 C or warmer than 35 C. The ‘M206’ cultivar was utilized for comparison and demonstrated cold tolerance by germinating at 10 C, whereas weedy accessions 1, 2, and 3 did not. When temperatures were at or above 15 C, however, ‘M206’ germinated less often compared with all weedy accessions. Historical preplant temperatures in this region align with those required for weedy rice germination. Thus, the stale seedbed methodology is a viable strategy in years when ample floodwater is available.
Weedy rice (Oryza sativa f. spontanea Roshev.) has recently become a significant botanical pest in California rice (Oryza sativa L.) production systems. The conspecificity of this pest with cultivated rice negates the use of selective herbicides, rendering the development of nonchemical methods a necessary component of creating management strategies for this weed. Experiments were conducted to determine the emergence and early growth responses of O. sativa spontanea to flooding soil and burial conditions. Treatment combinations of four flooding depths (0, 5, 10, and 15 cm) and four burial depths (1.3, 2.5, 5, and 10 cm) were applied to test the emergence of five O. sativa spontanea accessions as well as ‘M-206’, a commonly used rice cultivar in California, for comparison. Results revealed that burial depth had a significant effect on seedling emergence. A 43% to 91% decrease in emergence between seedlings buried at 1.3 and 2.5 cm depending on the flooding depth and accession and an absence of emergence from seedlings buried at or below 5 cm were observed. Flooding depth did not affect emergence, but there was a significant interaction between burial and flooding treatments. There was no significant difference between total O. sativa spontanea emergence from the soil and water surfaces regardless of burial or flooding depths, implying that once the various accessions have emerged from the soil they will also emerge from the floodwater. Most accessions had similar total emergence compared with M-206 cultivated rice but produced more dry weight than M-206 when planted at 1.3 cm in the soil. The results of this experiment can be used to inform stakeholders of the flooding conditions necessary as well as soil burial depths that will promote or inhibit the emergence of California O. sativa spontanea accessions from the weed seedbank.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.