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We present the third data release from the Parkes Pulsar Timing Array (PPTA) project. The release contains observations of 32 pulsars obtained using the 64-m Parkes ‘Murriyang’ radio telescope. The data span is up to 18 yr with a typical cadence of 3 weeks. This data release is formed by combining an updated version of our second data release with $\sim$3 yr of more recent data primarily obtained using an ultra-wide-bandwidth receiver system that operates between 704 and 4032 MHz. We provide calibrated pulse profiles, flux density dynamic spectra, pulse times of arrival, and initial pulsar timing models. We describe methods for processing such wide-bandwidth observations and compare this data release with our previous release.
We describe 14 yr of public data from the Parkes Pulsar Timing Array (PPTA), an ongoing project that is producing precise measurements of pulse times of arrival from 26 millisecond pulsars using the 64-m Parkes radio telescope with a cadence of approximately 3 weeks in three observing bands. A comprehensive description of the pulsar observing systems employed at the telescope since 2004 is provided, including the calibration methodology and an analysis of the stability of system components. We attempt to provide full accounting of the reduction from the raw measured Stokes parameters to pulse times of arrival to aid third parties in reproducing our results. This conversion is encapsulated in a processing pipeline designed to track provenance. Our data products include pulse times of arrival for each of the pulsars along with an initial set of pulsar parameters and noise models. The calibrated pulse profiles and timing template profiles are also available. These data represent almost 21 000 h of recorded data spanning over 14 yr. After accounting for processes that induce time-correlated noise, 22 of the pulsars have weighted root-mean-square timing residuals of
in at least one radio band. The data should allow end users to quickly undertake their own gravitational wave analyses, for example, without having to understand the intricacies of pulsar polarisation calibration or attain a mastery of radio frequency interference mitigation as is required when analysing raw data files.
We report the formation of p-type nitrogen doped ZnO (ZnO:N) grown by thermal-evaporation deposition. The effects of nitrogen precursors on the electrical and optical properties of ZnO:N were investigated. This study shows that growth process plays a critical role in the electrical properties of ZnO:N. The chemical reaction mechanism was analyzed.
In this work, various ZnO nanostructures were synthesized and a detailed study on the effect of different process parameters such as temperature, carrier gas flow, inter-electrode spacing, gas concentration and material properties on gas sensitivity was conducted. Initial ZnO nanoparticles were prepared by a simple solution chemical process and characterized by Secondary Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Brunauer, Emmet and Teller (BET) Sorptometer to demonstrate the morphology and surface area respectively. Sensitivity of nano-platelets and porous films was measured for different concentrations of the analytes (H2, CO). High response was observed at room temperature for H2 gas with sensitivities in excess 80% for 60ppm and about 55% for 80ppm of H2 gas at room temperature were observed for the nano-platelets and the porous films respectively with short response and recovery times of about 200 seconds. The sensitivity of the nano-platelets to CO gas was also measured and found to be about near 90% for 80 ppm CO at operating temperatures of 200 °C.
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