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Vietnam, a Southeast Asian country, has documented 1,515 polymerase chain reaction-positive confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases with 35 deaths a year after the first infection recorded in Ha Noi on January 23, 2020. Half of the infected patients are at the age of 21 to 40 y. While numbers of infections in many countries in the region continue to surge, Vietnam is seeing decreases in the number of daily new cases. As a result of COVID-19 trajectory different from the other countries, as of April 23, 2020, Vietnam is no longer under lockdown and is slowly restarting its socioeconomic activities. This report aims to provide a summary of the COVID-19 situation and response to the pandemic in Vietnam.
The neuro-endoscopy is a surgical technique that allows the neurosurgeon to maintain a visual contact while operating inside the brain of a patient. A special instrument called the neuro-endoscope is inserted in the brain until the neurosurgeon reaches his/her target. Its manipulation requires a high level of training for neurosurgeons. To enforce both quality and safety of neuro-endoscopy, we propose a robotic manipulator based on a Spherical Decoupled Mechanism. This mechanical architecture has been modified from a 5-Bar Spherical Linkages and adapted to this medical application. It is able to generate a Remote Center of Motion of 2 Degrees of Freedom. It merges the advantages of parallel mechanisms with the kinematic and control simplicity of decoupled mechanisms, while having a very simple architecture. Motion capture experiments using a brain simulation model have been performed with a team of neurosurgeons to obtain the kinematic data of the neuro-endoscope during brain exploration. Based on the identified workspace, the mechanism has been optimized using kinematic performance and architectural compactness as criteria. An optimum mechanism has been selected, showing better kinematic performances than the original 5-bar spherical linkage mechanism.