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The interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with solid-state density plasmas in regime of normal skin effect is investigated by means of numerical simulation. For short-wavelength lasers and laser pulses with length ≲ 120 fs full width at half maximum, the regime of normal skin effect is shown to hold for peak intensities up to 1017 W/cm2. The basic characteristics of the interaction are revealed and certain departures from simplistic models in electron distribution function, in plasma dielectric constant, and in laser absorption are pointed out. Comparison with the published experimental results is made.
The interaction of ultrashort laser pulses with a fully ionized plasma is investigated in the plane geometry by means of numerical simulation. The impact of the space oscillations in the amplitude of the laser electric field on the shape of the electron distribution function, on laser beam absorption, and on electron heat transport is demonstrated. Oscillations in the absorption rate of laser radiation with the minima coincident to the maxima of the laser electric field lead to a further decrease in the absorption of laser radiation. Heat flux in the direction of increasing temperature in the underdense region is caused by the modification of the electron distribution function and by the density gradient. A limitation of heat flux to the overdense plasma isobserved with the flux limiter in range 0.03–0.08, growing moderately with the intensity 1014–1016 W/cm2 of the incident 1.2-ps laser pulse.
The knowledge of the properties of atoms in high-temperature/density plasmas is of deep interest in many fields of physics. Theoretical studies and interpretation of the inertial confinement fusion experiments is one of the examples. On the basis of the density functional formalism, a model of matter at extreme conditions is presented. Application of the model is illustrated by examples of average ionization state and equation of state calculations.
Analyses are given for beam generations of three kinds of charged particles: electrons, light ions, and heavy ions. The electron beam oscillates in a dense plasma irradiated by a strong laser light. When the frequency of laser light is high and its intensity is large, the acceleration of oscillating electrons becomes large and the electrons radiate electromagnetic waves. As the reaction, the electrons feel a damping force, whose effect on oscillating electron motion is investigated first. Second, the electron beam induces the strong electromagnetic field by its self-induced electric current density when the electron number density is high. The induced electric field reduces the oscillation motion and deforms the beam.
In the case of a light ion beam, the electrostatic field, induced by the beam charge, as well as the electromagnetic field, induced by the beam current, affects the beam motion. The total energy of the magnetic field surrounding the beam is rather small in comparison with its kinetic energy.
In the case of heavy ion beams the beam charge at the leading edge is much smaller in comparison with the case of light ion beams when the heavy ion beam propagates in the background plasma. Thus, the induced electrostatic and electromagnetic fields do not much affect the beam propagation.
We present two partial models applied in the atomic physics subpackage used in numerical simulations of pulsed-source-driven, non-ideal high-parameter plasmas. These are an electron EOS model and a model for electron conductivity coefficient calculations. The EOS model uses Dharma-Wardana exchange and a correlation correction that depends on both electron density and temperature. The electron thermal and electrical conductivity calculations are based on the Balescu-Lenard equation.
The paper presents results of an investigation of energy transport in 6-μm aluminum foils covered with a silver or gold layer irradiated with 1·06-μm, 1-ns laser-pulse at intensities 1013to 1014 W/cm2. The increase in mass ablation rate and volume heating of accelerated fragment of the foil as well as the increased range of lateral energy transport were registered. The measured plasma parameters from aluminum foils were used for testing the one-dimesional numerical code.
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