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Interpersonal sensitivity is a personality trait described as excessive awareness of both the behaviour and feelings of others. Although interpersonal sensitivity has been found to be one of the vulnerability factors to depression, there has been little interest in its relationship with the prodromal phase of psychosis. The aims of this study were to examine the level of interpersonal sensitivity in a sample of individuals with an at-risk mental state (ARMS) for psychosis and its relationship with other psychopathological features.
Method. Sixty-two individuals with an ARMS for psychosis and 39 control participants completed a series of self-report questionnaires, including the Interpersonal Sensitivity Measure (IPSM), the Prodromal Questionnaire (PQ), the Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WCQ) and the Depression and Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS).
Individuals with an ARMS reported higher interpersonal sensitivity compared to controls. Associations between interpersonal sensitivity, positive psychotic symptoms (i.e. paranoid ideation), avoidant coping and symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress were also found.
This study suggests that being ‘hypersensitive’ to interpersonal interactions is a psychological feature of the putatively prodromal phase of psychosis. The relationship between interpersonal sensitivity, attenuated positive psychotic symptoms, avoidant coping and negative emotional states may contribute to long-term deficits in social functioning. We illustrate the importance, when assessing a young client with a possible ARMS, of examining more subtle and subjective symptoms in addition to attenuated positive symptoms.
L. Pasquini, European Southern Observatory, Garching bei München, Germany,
M. Döllinger, European Southern Observatory, Garching bei München, Germany,
J. Setiawan, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Heidelberg, Germany,
A. Hatzes, Tautemburg Observatory, Germany,
L. Girardi, INAF – Trieste, Italy,
L. da Silva, Observatorio Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil,
J. R. de Medeiros, UFRN, Natal, Brazil,
A. Weiss, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Garching bei München, Germany,
O. Von Der Lühe, Kipenheuer Institut für Sonnenphysik, Freiburg, Germany
We have derived metallicity, masses, and ages for two samples of nearby giant stars, which have been observed with the aim of understanding their nature of the radial-velocity (RV) variability and to search for planetary companions. Our stars have reliable Hipparcos parallaxes, and for several we also have measured angular diameters; the parameters we retrieve from our inversion process are in very good agreement with the observed ones. Among our results, we find that the stars regarded as candidates to host planetary companions are not preferencially metal-rich, which is at odds with what is found for main-sequence stars. We also find that stars younger than ∼1 Gyr can be described by a single metallicity and that an age–metallicity relationship applies to our samples.
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