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Localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPR), collective electron oscillations in nanoparticles, are being heavily scrutinized for applications in chemical and biological sensing, as well as in prototype nanophotonic devices. This phenomenon exhibits an acute dependence on the particle’s size, shape, composition, and environment. The detailed characterization of the structure-function relationship of nanoparticles is obscured by ensemble averaging. Consequently, single-particle data must be obtained to extract useful information from polydisperse reaction mixtures. Recently, a correlated high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) LSPR technique has been developed and applied to silver nanocubes. We report here a second generation of experiments using this correlation technique, in which statistical analysis is performed on a large number of single particles. The LSPR dependence on size, shape, material, and environment was probed using silver right bipyramids, silver cubes, and gold cubes. It was found that the slope of the dependence of LSPR peak on size for silver bipyramids increases as the edges become sharper. Also, a plasmon shift of 96 nm was observed between similar silver and gold cubes, while a shift of 26 nm was observed, for gold cubes, between substrates of refractive index (RI) of 1.5 and 2.05.
Carbon capsules with hollow macroporous core/mesoporous shell were synthesized using sacrificial submicrometer-size solid core/mesoporous shell (SCMS) silica spheres as templates. Size of the hollow macroporous core and thickness of the mesoporous shell can be easily controlled by the choice of silica spheres and the amount of TEOS/C18-TMS mixture, respectively.
New preparative methods for the synthesis of nanoporous carbons using silica particles as templates will be presented. Gellation of resorcinol and formaldehyde in the presence of silica sol particles generated RF gel-silica nanocomposite. Carbonization followed by HF etching of silica templates generated nanoporous carbons with pore size ranging 10 ∼ 100 nm. When silica particles stabilized with surfactant were used as templates, uniform ∼ 10 nm pore-sized carbons have been formed. These nanoporous carbons exhibited excellent adsorption capacity for dyes.
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