Rigid airport pavement structures suffer damage from multi-axial high magnitude cyclic stresses resulting from passing heavy aircraft. It is of interest to model the response of plain portland cement concrete to such loading conditions; thus, the sensitive detection and characterization of such damage during the loading process is important. Low strain vibrational resonance frequency measurement offers direct information concerning the global, apparent elastic moduli of the material and preliminary results have shown such measurements are sensitive to the presence of damage in concrete.
The work reported here includes the theoretical foundation and experimental results of a non-destructive technique, based on vibrational resonance measurement. The tests are applied to monitor damage imparted to end-mounted hollow concrete cylinders subjected to monotonic and cyclic torsional (bi-axial) loads. An introduction to the concepts of vibration testing and details of mechanical and vibrational test procedures employed are given first. The most significant vibrational modes, of all of the possible modes setup within the specimen, are identified. The frequency value of these significant modes in the concrete specimen are experimentally obtained throughout a controlled cyclic testing procedure to failure. The behavior of these modes is then monitored during
a controlled cyclic testing procedure to failure. Distinctions between the frequency values of the various excited resonance modes are noted. Moreover, effects of the two damage types (monotonic and cyclic) on the frequency values of the modes are studied. Finally, conclusions concerning the applicability of the vibrational resonance techniques for monitoring imparted damage in these concrete specimens are drawn.