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An observational study is presented of the spectral evolution of gamma-ray burst (GRB) prompt emissions with the Suzaku Wide-band All-sky Monitor (WAM). We selected 6 bright GRBs exhibiting 7 well-separated fast-rise-exponential-decay (FRED) shaped light curves to investigate spectral changes by evaluating exponential decay time constants of the energy-resolved light curves. In addition, we carried out time-resolved spectroscopy of two of them which were located with accuracy sufficient to evaluate the time-resolved spectra with precise energy response matrices. The two imply different emission mechanisms; the one is well reproduced with a cooling blackbody radiation model with a power-law component, while the other prefers non-thermal emission model with a decaying turn over energy.
We present the results of six Suzaku observations of the recurrent black hole transient 4U 1630–472 during its decline from its most recent outburst in 2006. All observations show the typical high/soft state spectral shape in the 2–50 keV band, roughly described by an optically thick disk spectrum in the soft energy band plus a weak power-law tail.
The disk temperature decreases from 1.4 keV to 1.2 keV as the flux decreases by a factor 2, consistent with a constant radius as expected for disk-dominated spectra. All the observations reveal significant absorption lines from highly ionized (H-like and He-like) iron Kα at 7.0 keV and 6.7 keV.
The energies of these absorption lines suggest a blue shift with an outflow velocity of ∼1000 km s−1. The H–like iron Kα equivalent width remains approximately constant at ∼30 eV over all the observations, while that of the He–like Kα line increases from 7 eV to 20 eV. Thus the ionization state of the material decreases, as expected from the decline in flux.
The data constrain the velocity dispersion of the absorber to 200–2000 km s−1, and the size of the plasma as ∼1010 cm assuming a source distance of 10 kpc.
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