Composite materials have found a number of structural applications, but their use in the electronics industry has been relatively limited. As the function of electroceramic composites are better understood, we can expect this picture to change. In this paper some of the piezoelectric composite sensor and actuator studies carried out in our laboratory during the past decade will be reviewed. The ideas that provide a basic understanding of functional composites have previously been discussed . This paper describes recent advances in the processing and properties of composites possessing 0-3, 1-3, and 2-2 connectivity made of polymers, metals and ferroelectric ceramics. The introduction of open spaces in the previous connectivity patterns allows the development of new designs of several piezoelectric composites with connectivity patterns of 0(0)-3, 1(0)-3, 2(0)-2-2, and 2-0-2. As in most electronic systems that are developed with improved properties a push toward lower cost and smaller sizes of the piezoelectric ceramics, together with improved reliability and performance occurs. The piezocomposites with open spaces in their structures clearly demonstrate the growth of the functional ceramics into the field of the smart ceramics as the materials for the beginning of the next century.