To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
This chapter reviews the historical background on the construct of psychological trauma. It then considers recent empirical studies on individual differences in response to potentially traumatic events (PTEs). Most of the variability can be captured by four prototypical trajectories: chronic dysfunction, delayed reactions, resilience, and recovery. Major advances in theory and research on resilience to adversity came from developmental psychologists and psychiatrists during the 1970s. These pioneering researchers documented the large number of children who, despite growing up in harsh socioeconomic circumstances, nonetheless evidenced healthy developmental trajectories. Evidence for widespread resilience among survivors of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic has been reported. Resilience to trauma following disaster has been associated with male gender, older age, and greater education. Developmental theorists have for years argued that resilience to aversive childhood contexts results from a cumulative mix of person-centered variables and sociocontextual risk and protective factors.