Synchrotron powder diffraction data is presented for the monoclinic polymorph of dimethylarsinic acid, (CH3)2AsO(OH) (DMAV). Rietveld refinement with GSASII yielded lattice parameters of a = 15.9264(15) Å, b = 6.53999(8) Å, c = 11.3401(9) Å, and β = 125.8546(17)° (Z = 8, space group C2/c). The Rietveld-refined structure was compared with both a density functional theory (DFT)-optimized structure and the published, low-temperature single-crystal structure, and all three structures exhibited excellent agreement. The triclinic polymorph of DMAV was also DFT optimized with CRYSTAL17 to determine the positions of the hydrogen atoms. Monoclinic DMAV forms zigzag chains parallel to the b-axis with adjacent DMAV molecules connected by an O–H⋯O bond, whereas triclinic DMAV forms dimers connected by two O–H⋯O bonds.