To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
The performance of the pulsed-laser atom probe can be limited by both instrument and specimen factors. The experiments described in this article were designed to identify these factors so as to provide direction for further instrument and specimen development. Good agreement between voltage-pulsed and laser-pulsed data is found when the effective pulse fraction is less than 0.2 for pulsed-laser mode. Under the conditions reported in this article, the thermal tails of the peaks in the mass spectra did not show any significant change when produced with either a 10-ps or a 120-fs pulsed-laser source. Mass resolving power generally improves as the laser spot size and laser wavelength are decreased and as the specimen tip radius, specimen taper angle, and thermal diffusivity of the specimen material are increased. However, it is shown that two of the materials used in this study, aluminum and stainless steel, depend on these factors differently. A one-dimensional heat flow model is explored to explain these differences. The model correctly predicts the behavior of the aluminum samples, but breaks down for the stainless steel samples when the tip radius is large. A more accurate three-dimensional model is needed to overcome these discrepancies.
The first dedicated local electrode atom probes (LEAP [a
trademark of Imago Scientific Instruments Corporation]) have been
built and tested as commercial prototypes. Several key performance
parameters have been markedly improved relative to conventional
three-dimensional atom probe (3DAP) designs. The Imago LEAP can operate
at a sustained data collection rate of 1 million atoms/minute. This
is some 600 times faster than the next fastest atom probe and large
images can be collected in less than 1 h that otherwise would take many
days. The field of view of the Imago LEAP is about 40 times larger than
conventional 3DAPs. This makes it possible to analyze regions that are
about 100 nm diameter by 100 nm deep containing on the order of 50 to
100 million atoms with this instrument. Several example applications
that illustrate the advantages of the LEAP for materials analysis are