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OBJECTIVES/GOALS: Time restricted feeding (TRF) in diet induced obesity (DIO) has several health benefits, including improved metabolic rhythms and inflammation. Our lab has shown that TRF in DIO significantly reduces renal and aortic damage. The main goal of our research is to understand how TRF impacts aortic function, organ damage, and T cell activation in DIO. METHODS/STUDY POPULATION: We will use a 20-week DIO model, where mice will be on 20 weeks of normal fat diet (ND) or high fat diet (HFD). During weeks 18-20, mice will go through TRF intervention
where food is restricted to the 12-hour active period or continue ad libitum feeding. At the end of the 2-week TRF intervention or continued ad libitum feeding, aortic stiffness will be measured via pulse wave velocity measurements. We will also collect kidney, aorta, and small intestine at the end of the 20-week protocol for flow cytometric analysis of tissue T cell activation as well as histological assessments. This will allow us to determine the relationship with organ damage, organ function, and the T cell response. We will also analyze tissue and circulating levels of inflammatory T cell-derived cytokines such as interleukin-17A (IL-17A) via ELISA. RESULTS/ANTICIPATED RESULTS: DIO mice showed significantly increased aortic stiffness (measured by pulse wave velocity) compared to mice on ND. Interestingly, TRF intervention in DIO mice reduced aortic stiffness compared to DIO ad libitum. Histological assessments also showed that TRF abolished aortic and kidney fibrosis suggesting a role for the timing of feeding in regulating aortic function and organ damage from chronic HFD. We have several ongoing experiments to determine the T cell response with TRF in DIO mice. We predict that TRF in DIO mice will significantly decrease inflammatory T cells and reduce cytokine abundance in target organs. DISCUSSION/SIGNIFICANCE: Our lab has shown that TRF reduces aortic thickness and aortic and kidney fibrosis, but the driving mechanisms are unknown. We propose that TRF reduces T cell activation in DIO mice leading to reduced organ damage. Our work will provide insight on how TRF in DIO regulates the T cell response and may improve inflammation in the kidney and aorta.
OBJECTIVES/GOALS: The overall goal of this study was to determine the effect of early life stress (ELS) on the intestinal CD4+ T cell immune compartment, at homeostasis and after induction of experimental Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). METHODS/STUDY POPULATION: We used a mouse model of ELS, maternal separation with early weaning (MSEW). We used IL-10 reporter mice to enable analysis of IL-10-producing cells. Mice were examined on postnatal day 28 to determine the impact of ELS on gut regulatory T cells. Plasma levels of corticosterone (rodent stress response hormone) was determined by ELISA. Colitis was induced in MSEW and normal rear (NR) mice via intraperitoneal injection of α-IL-10R every 5 days until day 15. Mice were euthanized on days 20 and 30. Colonic tissue sections were stained for histological analysis. Remaining tissue was further processed for flow cytometric analysis of CD4+ T cells and innate lymphoid cells. RESULTS/ANTICIPATED RESULTS: Plasma corticosterone was elevated in MSEW mice compared to their NR counterparts at 4 weeks of age. We observed that the MSEW stress protocol does not affect the baseline colonic CD4+ T cell or innate lymphoid cell populations. There was a reduction in the intestinal CD4+ T cells and regulatory T cells on day 20 in α-IL-10R MSEW mice compared to NR counterparts. This difference disappeared by day 30. Histological scoring showed no difference in disease severity between α-IL-10R treated MSEW and NR mice on day 20. However, on day 30, when α-IL-10R NR mice are recovering from colitis, MSEW mice showed persistent histological inflammation, mainly attributable to sustained epithelial damage. DISCUSSION/SIGNIFICANCE OF IMPACT: Our results suggest that ELS prolongs intestinal inflammation and impairs epithelial repair. Future studies will focus on elucidating the mechanisms responsible for ELS-dependent impairment of mucosal repair in experimental colitis.
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