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Dr. Sharpe was a leading eye movement researcher who had also been the editor of this journal. We wish to mark the 10th anniversary of his death by providing a sense of what he had achieved through some examples of his research.
We describe a versatile infrared camera/spectrograph, IRIS, designed and constructed at the Anglo-Australian Observatory for use on the Anglo-Australian Telescope. A variety of optical configurations can be selected under remote control to provide several direct image scales and a few low-resolution spectroscopic formats. Two cross-dispersed transmission echelles are of novel design, as is the use of a modified Bowen-Burch system to provide a fast f/ratio in the widest-field option. The drive electronics includes a choice of readout schemes for versatility, and continuous display when the array is not taking data, to facilitate field acquisition and focusing.
The linearity of the detector has been studied in detail. Although outwardly good, slight nonlinearities prevent removal of fixed-pattern noise from the data without application of a cubic linearising function.
Specific control and data-reduction software has been written. We describe also a scanning mode developed for spectroscopic imaging.
The main cause of motor weakness is damage to the primary crossed corticospinal tract. Most patients with stroke (80%-90%) have motor symptoms or signs. Hemiparesis with uniform weakness of the arm and leg associated with hemisensory deficit and speech deficit (dysphasia or dysarthria) usually indicates a large supratentorial lesion that involves the middle cerebral artery (MCA). Such patients have more severe weakness than do those with isolated hemiparesis. Crossed brainstem syndromes, well known with eponyms, are characterized by palsy of one of the 12 cranial nerve pairs associated with a contralateral neurological deficit due to involvement of the neurological long tracts (mainly motor or sensory). The integrity of all motor tracts, with the pyramidal tract as the main descending fiber bundle, but also the corticorubrospinal and corticoreticulospinal systems, appears to account for stroke recovery in a recent in vivo diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) study in chronic stroke patients.