Agriculture is one of the major sources of nitrogen (N) pollution. Dairy production causes losses of N in faeces and urine that contribute to environmental pollution with an estimated annual output of 320 kt N and 80 kt ammonia in the U.K. alone. Therefore, improving N utilization in dairy cows and especially reducing N output in excreta is desirable to reduce environmental N pollution, particularly as ammonia. Mathematical models have been used to predict potential N excretion from dairy cows. However, these models generally are empirical in nature, hence not process based and therefore there is a need to develop a model that can describe biological processes in the animal. The objective of the present study was to develop a dynamic N model to predict the amount and form of N excreted by dairy herds and seek to make appropriate recommendations that will reduce N excretion from dairy cows.