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In this study, zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) in powder and in thin film were successfully synthesized first time using an eco-friendly, simple and cost effective green synthesis method mediated by corn husk (Zea mays) extract as an effective chelating agent, and zinc nitrate hexahydrate as precursor. Diverse characterizations techniques such as High Resolution – Scanning Electron Microscopy (HR-SEM), Energy Dispersive X- rays Spectroscopy (EDS), X-Rays Diffraction (XRD), and UV – Vis – NIR spectroscopy as well as Photoluminescence (PL) were investigated to confirm ZnO NPs nature. For the ZnO NPs powder, highly crystalline ZnO nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) annealed at 500°C which are 48.635 nm in particles size were characterised by HR-SEM and XRD analysis. The structure morphology and the constituents of the resultant ZnO powder were investigated respectively by HR-SEM and EDS. UV – Visible spectroscopy analysis was investigated on the optical band gap of ZnO NPs, which was calculated to be 3.31 eV. This result indicates that ZnO NPs can be used in metal oxide semiconductor-based devices. For the ZnO NPs thin film, XRD patterns of hexagonal wurtzite structure with c/a ratio about of 1.60 and μ – parameter of 0.38 were obtained. PL measurements showed a broad emission band in the 380 – 800 nm range, centred at 481 nm. ZnO NPs thin film yielded relatively more intense photoluminescence spectra than the ZnO NPs powder. The intrinsic point defects and defect level transitions responsible for the broad emission are discussed.
A novel technique providing a cost effective sustainable wet chemical etching method of synthesizing black Moly thin films rapidly has been presented. A top- down method for fabricating MoO3 has been investigated to understand the effect of chemical etchant concentration on the structural, morphological and optical properties of the thin films on Mo substrates. The XRD patterns demonstrated the formation of Tugarinovite MoO2 films on Mo substrate after annealing at 500°C in a vacuum. In this work, we developed nanostructured MoO3 on Mo substrate solar absorber, with a high solar absorptance of over 89%. These results suggest that solar absorbers made from refractory metal oxide nanostructures can be used for solar thermal applications.
The adult Papilio demoleus Linnaeus comes in different sizes (80-100 mm) and colours. On the basis of structural colour observation, an experimental and theoretical study on the different colours on Papilio demoleus Linnaeus wings was conducted. The wing scales were investigated from a photonic crystal perspective using scanning electron and optical microscopies and reflectance measurements. In the SEM measurements, the parts studied show nanostructured ridges separated by crossribs (grooves). The scales show several tilted cuticle layers lapped on the ridges, which constitute a grating. The widths of the ridges and crossribs (grooves) in the grating are different. Arrangements and shapes of scales are clearly seen under the optical microscopy. It was deduced that the yellow colour with the highest reflectance of 485 nm and 580 nm could be due to multiple interferences from a highly tilted cuticle arrangement. The layer arrangement in the brown and ash scales is not enough to reflect observable interference light. The study shows an application in fine light elements in the photo-electro devices.
Recently, scientists have demonstrated that material surfaces in nature that possess special wettability properties are composed of micro- and nanostructures. In this study, we focused on the importance of surface structures in determining the wettability of wings of the flying insect species: Idea malabarica, Lucilia sericata and Chrysomya marginalis. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) analysis indicates the different nano-/micro- structures identified on the wings. Surface roughness which plays a role in influencing the wettability was theoretically estimated from the SEM images. While the spherical liquid water droplets used for testing wettability were observed to float on the surface of the Idea malabarica and Lucilia sericata wings, the surface of the Chrysomya marginalis wing was made completely wet. The super-hydrophobicity of the Idea malabarica wing as compared to the near-hydrophobicity/mild hydrophilicity of the Lucilia sericata wing and the distinct hydrophilicity of the Chrysomya marginilis wing could be attributed to its complicated composition of nano-/microstructures and higher surface roughness value.
This contribution reports, to the best of our knowledge, for the first time on the neutron tunneling phenomenon in nickel isotopes based nanostructured. More accurately, 58Ni-62Ni-58Ni thin films Fabry-Perot resonator configuration exhibited several tunneling resonances. In total, there were 7 tunneling resonances. These tunneling resonances manifest themselves via sharp dips in the total reflection plateau due to quasi-bound states in the nanostructured isotopic based nickel thin film Fabry-Perot resonator.
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