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Mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) staff in humanitarian settings have limited access to clinical supervision and are at high risk of experiencing burnout. We previously piloted an online, peer-supervision program for MHPSS professionals working with displaced Rohingya (Bangladesh) and Syrian (Turkey and Northwest Syria) communities. Pilot evaluations demonstrated that online, peer-supervision is feasible, low-cost, and acceptable to MHPSS practitioners in humanitarian settings.
This project will determine the impact of online supervision on i) the wellbeing and burnout levels of local MHPSS practitioners, and ii) practitioner technical skills to improve beneficiary perceived service satisfaction, acceptability, and appropriateness.
MHPSS practitioners in two contexts (Bangladesh and Turkey/Northwest Syria) will participate in 90-minute group-based online supervision, fortnightly for six months. Sessions will be run on zoom and will be co-facilitated by MHPSS practitioners and in-country research assistants. A quasi-experimental multiple-baseline design will enable a quantitative comparison of practitioner and beneficiary outcomes between control periods (12-months) and the intervention. Outcomes to be assessed include the Kessler-6, Harvard Trauma Questionnaire and Copenhagen Burnout Inventory and Client Satisfaction Questionnaire-8.
A total of 80 MHPSS practitioners will complete 24 monthly online assessments from May 2022. Concurrently, 1920 people receiving MHPSS services will be randomly selected for post-session interviews (24 per practitioner).
This study will determine the impact of an online, peer-supervision program for MHPSS practitioners in humanitarian settings. Results from the baseline assessments, pilot evaluation, and theory of change model will be presented.
Experimental results are reported on various guided optic configurations that combine silicon-based photonic crystals (PC) and Ge/Si quantum island emitters. The feasibility of low-refractive-index-contrast PC waveguides by inductively-coupled-plasma (ICP) etching of buried SiGe/Si waveguides is briefly recalled from a previous work. The main body of the paper is focused on experiments that were carried out on the high-refractive-index-contrast silicon-on-insulator (SOI) system. Self-assembled Ge/Si quantum island layers were deposited on a SOI substrate that was further processed to get two-dimensional PC microcavities and waveguides. The room temperature 1.3–1.55 μm emission from Ge/Si islands is shown to be significantly enhanced in PC microcavities, the strongest enhancement being obtained with the smallest (micropillar-like) cavities surrounded by wide pores. In this latter case, the room-temperature photoluminescence amplitude is more than two-orders of magnitude larger than that of Ge/Si islands grown in unprocessed samples. A superlinear (laser-like) dependence with the optical pumping is observed in the same time. This behavior and other experimental trends would incriminate both a high carrier concentration of the photo-created electron-hole plasma and a good vertical coupling efficiency of the micro-structured silicon. A first attempt to characterize linear PC waveguides is also reported using the wideband luminescence of Ge/Si islands embedded in the guides.
CuInSe2 and Cu(In, Ga)Se2 precursor layers have been prepared by electrodeposition, with morphologies suitable for device completion. These precursor films were transformed into photovoltaic quality films after thermal annealing without any post-additional vacuum deposition process. Depending on the preparation parameters annealed films with different band gaps between 1eV and 1.5 eV have been prepared. The dependence of resulting solar cell parameters has been investigated. The best efficiency achieved is about 10,2 % for a band gap of 1.45 eV. This device presents an open circuit voltage value of 740 mV, in agreement with the higher band gap value. Device characterisations (current-voltage, capacitance-voltage and spectral response analysis) have been performed. Admittance spectroscopy at room temperature indicates the presence of two acceptor traps at 0.3 and 0.43 eV from the valance band with density of the order of 2. 1017 cm-3 eV-1.
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