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We have re-analyzed the X-ray flare on Algol which was observed with EXOSAT (White et al. (1986)). The common practice of estimating loop volume and length from the decay time of the flare is discussed extensively. We show that during the decay phase of the flare both scaling laws for coronal loops are valid. This implies a unique determination of loop volume and length and allows a check whether additional heating occurs in the decay phase of a flare.
We discuss the Mg XII Lyα line profile measurements obtained, by means of Bragg crystal spectrometer aboard INTERCOSMOS 7 satellite. The design of this spectrometer allows to clearly resolve both components α½ and α3/2) of the Lyα spin doublet. The intensities of each of these components we derived by means of fitting two Voigt profiles to the measured Mg XII Lyα shape. More than 100 spectra were analyzed in this way providing the statistical information on the value of intensity ratio . Derived average value of a is close to the theoretically expected 0.5, but in many cases the value of a is significantly different from 0.5 (both lower and higher values occur). We present examples of the fit and the histograms showing correlations of a value with the values of other flare parameters. Present analysis consist the observational part of the larger paper under the preparation with Prof. R.W.P. McWhirter theoretical group.
At the beginning the problem of constructing the three-dimensional magnetohydrostatic models of the photospheric layers in sunspots is discussed in some detail. It is pointed out that the construction of such models by solving the set of equations of magnetohydrostatics cannot be effectively carried out.
In order to solve the difficulties a suitable method of determining the distribution of the magnetic force in sunspots from measurements of the magnetic field has been worked out. Tentative results of the computations are presented.
General features of the distribution of the magnetic force in the photospheric layers of stable sunspots are discussed. It is pointed out that significant magnetic forces are necessary in the penumbra; they secure its transversal equilibrium, but are rather unimportant for its vertical structure. And it is quite probable that the magnetic field in the umbras of stable spots is nearly potential or force-free down to the photospheric level.
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