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Personality (according to Cloninger) responds to Biological aspects (temperamental) and Psychosocial (characterological), thereby forming the complex pattern of human behavior. High level of avoidance of harm and stiffness are factors associated with depressive disorders, closely linked to the Serotoninergic System. Melancholicus Typus (MT) is characterizes by its seriousness, scrupulousness of conscience, perfectionism, responsibility and order at all levels among other features.
Develop an inventory psychometrically to assess the influence of personality traits Melancholicus Typus in the appearance of resistant depression throughout life.
Retrospective observational study. We designed a questionnaire with a total of 70 items that shaped the personality of Melancholicus Typus. We explored the internal consistency using statistical factor analysis, as well as discriminate validity of these. This questionnaire was applied to the sample of 100 patients signed informed consent prior. They met criteria for inclusion/exclusion. The patient population is from the Institute of Psychiatry Rafael Coullaut. Madrid.
The existence of personality traits of Melancholicus Typus identifies a vulnerability to developing relevant resistant depression over the life of individuals. The inventory developed for this study is a useful test to assess personality traits such as Melancholicus Typus both clinical populations and general population.
The scale shows good construct validity, as well as good internal consistency through correlations Item/Total. The reliability of the scale is high.
Considering that several health promoting properties are associated with kefir consumption and a reliable probiotic product requires a complete identification of the bacterial species, the present work evaluates several proved markers of probiotic potential of eleven isolates of homofermentative lactobacilli isolated from kefir grains and molecular identification and genotypic diversity. Using restriction analysis of amplified ribosomal DNA (ARDRA) and analysis of the 16S–23S rRNA internal spacer region we confirmed that all homofermentative lactobacilli belong to the species Lactobacillus plantarum. RAPD-PCR analysis allowed the discrimination of lactobacilli in five clusters. All isolates exhibited high resistance to bile salt. High survival after one hour of exposure to pH 2·5 was observed in Lb. plantarum CIDCA 8313, 83210, 8327 and 8338. All isolates were hydrophilic and non autoaggregative. Isolate CIDCA 8337 showed the highest percentage of adhesion among strains. All tested lactobacilli had strong inhibitory power against Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli. Seven out of eleven isolates showed inhibition against Sal. enterica and five isolates were effective against Sal. gallinarum. Only CIDCA 8323 and CIDCA 8327 were able to inhibit Sal. sonnei. We did not find any correlation between the five clusters based on RAPD-PCR and the probiotic properties, suggesting that these isolates have unique characteristics.