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This study aimed to assess the current literature on the safety and impact of in-office biopsy on cancer waiting times as well as review evidence regarding cost-efficacy and patient satisfaction.
A search of Cinahl, Cochrane Library, Embase, Medline, Prospero, PubMed and Web of Science was conducted for papers relevant to this study. Included articles were quality assessed and critically appraised.
Of 19 741 identified studies, 22 articles were included. Lower costs were consistently reported for in-office biopsy compared with operating room biopsy. Four complications requiring intervention were documented. In-office biopsy is highly tolerated, with a procedure abandonment rate of less than 1 per cent. When compared with operating room biopsy, it is associated with significantly reduced time-to-diagnosis and time-to-treatment initiation. It is linked to improved overall three-year survival.
In-office biopsy is a safe procedure that may help certain patients avoid general anaesthetic. It was shown to significantly reduce time-to-diagnosis and time-to-treatment initiation when compared with operating room biopsy. This may have important implications for oncological outcomes. In-office biopsy requires fewer resources and is likely to be cost-saving five-years following introduction. With high rates of sensitivity and specificity, in-office biopsy should be considered as the first-line procedure to achieve tissue diagnosis.
External approaches have been traditionally used for the complete excision of large retropharyngeal space lesions.
This paper describes a case of a large schwannoma of the retropharyngeal space excised transorally with the use of a robotic system. This lesion measured 2.7 × 1.2 cm in axial dimensions and over 5.8 cm in craniocaudal length. The lesion was delivered en bloc with an intact capsule. No peri- or post-operative complications were encountered. The procedure allowed quick resumption of an oral diet and a return to normal activity for the patient.
This is, to our knowledge, the first report of this technique used in the excision of a large retropharyngeal space mass.
There has been a major evolution in laryngeal surgery, largely due to an improved understanding of disease pathogenesis and advances in technology, especially the introduction of lasers.
Method and results:
Continuous laser plume evacuation during endolaryngeal surgery improves visualisation of the surgical field. Hence, microlaryngoscopes are fitted with smoke evacuation channels on their sides. We have devised a new, simple and efficient suction holder clip for endolaryngeal surgery that has distinct advantages over other suction holders.
Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis is the most common benign neoplasm of the larynx in children. Intralesional injection of cidofovir may have some potential as an adjunctive treatment. There is no standardised protocol in the UK for the management of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis. This study aimed to investigate the management practices of surgeons treating paediatric recurrent respiratory papillomatosis in the UK.
A web questionnaire survey was sent by e-mail to all members of the British Association of Paediatric Otorhinolaryngology.
Out of 35 respondents, 23 were at that time treating children with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis. Nineteen respondents preferred to use a microdebrider, 12 preferred laser, and 5 preferred cold steel along with either laser or a microdebrider. Twelve surgeons used cidofovir for selected patients and 12 surgeons did not use cidofovir for any patients. Cidofovir was considered after 0–4 surgical procedures by seven respondents, after 4–6 surgical procedures by four respondents and after 6 surgical procedures by six respondents. Eleven respondents warned patients about the possible side effects of cidofovir and five gave no warning.
There was no consensus as to when it would be appropriate to use cidofovir, indicating the need for cidofovir usage guidelines.
We undertook a study to ascertain what factors general practitioners consider important when referring children for tonsillectomy, and to compare these views with those of consultant ENT surgeons.
Web-based questionnaire study.
A total of 141 general practitioners and 146 consultants responded. Tonsillectomy in children was regarded as a useful operation by 65 per cent of general practitioners and 98 per cent of consultant ENT surgeons. This difference was statistically significant (p < 0.001, chi-square test). In 1994, Donnelly et al. found that 92 per cent of general practitioners considered tonsillectomy in children a useful operation; our results were significantly different (p < 0.001, chi-square test).
There is a good level of awareness and agreement on the currently accepted indications for paediatric tonsillectomy in both groups. However, there were important areas of difference between the two groups with regard to ‘glue ear’, recurrent ear infections and snoring. Standardised indications for tonsillectomy should be effectively disseminated to general practitioners.
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