The stability of Pb/Ge and Pb/C multilayers has been studied over a broad temperature range by x-ray diffraction experiments. In the Pb/Ge system an amorphous to microcrystalline phase transformation of the Ge-layers was already observed at ≃ 100 °C. This transition destroys the modulation structure and improves the Pb(111) texture. In the Pb/C multilayers, the layered structure was still present at temperatures higher than the melting temperature of Pb. Contrary to recent publications, no depression of the melting temperature of the two-dimensional Pb layers could be observed.