Let A1, A2,…,Ak be a finite set of contractive, affine, invertible self-mappings of R2. A compact subset Λ of R2 is said to be self-affine with affinitiesA1, A2,…,Ak if
It is known  that for any such set of contractive affine mappings there is a unique (compact) SA set with these affinities. When the affine mappings A1, A2,…,Ak are similarity transformations, the set Λ is said to be self-similar. Self-similar sets are well understood, at least when the images Ai(Λ) have ‘small’ overlap: there is a simple and explicit formula for the Hausdorff and box dimensions [12, 10]; these are always equal; and the δ-dimensional Hausdorff measure of such a set (where δ is the Hausdorff dimension) is always positive and finite.