To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
This chapter reviews research on individual differences in spatial cognition from a somewhat historical perspective. It commences with a review of the factor analysis literature, which dominated early research in spatial abilities. Then, the chapter considers research on the analysis of spatial abilities from the perspective of cognitive psychology. Individual differences in large-scale or environmental spatial abilities such as wayfinding and navigation are examined. Finally, it considers some of the functions of spatial ability in occupational and academic performance. The research reviewed in this chapter provides strong evidence that spatial ability is differentiated from general intelligence. It shows that spatial ability is not a single, undifferentiated construct, but composed of several separate abilities, such as spatial visualization, flexibility of closure, spatial memory, and perceptual speed. Recent research has also begun to analyze complex tasks involved in these professions in terms of their demand on spatial skills.