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CHD is defined as structural defect(s) in the heart and proximal blood vessels present at birth. The National Cardiothoracic Center of Excellence, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH), Enugu, through the aid of visiting Cardiac Missions has managed a significant number of patients within the last 3.5 years.
The objective of this study was to review surgical options and outcome of complex CHD among patients attending UNTH, Enugu, Enugu.
Materials and Method
During the period of 3.5 years (March, 2013 to June, 2016), a total of 20 cases of complex CHD were managed by cardiac missions that visited UNTH, Enugu. Their case notes and operating register were retrieved, reviewed, and analysed using SPSS version 19 (Chicago).
There were eight females and 12 males, with a ratio of 2:5. The age range was from 5 months to 34 years with a mean of 1.7. Among all, five patients died giving a mortality rate of 25%. The operative procedures ranged from palliative shunts to complete repair. The outcome was relatively good.
Complex CHD are present in our environment. Their surgical management in our centre is being made possible by periodic visits of foreign cardiac missions.
Cor triatriatum dexter is an extremely rare congenital anomaly of the right atrium. It occurs because of the persistence of the right sinus venosus valve, resulting in partitioning of the right atrium. Most of the described cases of cor triatriatum dexter in the literature were incidental findings on echocardiogram or at necropsy.
We present a case report of a 7-year-old girl who was referred to us for further assessment, with a possible diagnosis of coarctation of the aorta. Initial investigations confirmed not only the presence of a long segment coarctation of the aorta, but also a large obstructive membrane in the right atrium.
A catheter intervention was performed to stent the coarctation segment, and the fibro-muscular shelf in the right atrium was surgically resected.
Aortic arch thrombus is a rare occurrence in neonates. In the few described cases, this has mainly been associated with sepsis or early postnatal interventions, such as insertion of umbilical arterial line. We describe a case of occlusive aortic arch thrombus in a neonate who presented with signs of critical coarctation and successfully underwent surgical thrombectomy on deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. We also present a review of the most recently published cases of aortic arch thrombus in neonates and the treatment options employed.
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