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A thin metal film with nano-apertures, called “nano-mesh electrode,” generates near-field lights near the electrode. We investigated carrier excitations in semiconductors by the near-field light. Finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method revealed that when the infrared light irradiates the Au nano-mesh electrode on Ge, near-field lights are generated and absorbed in the surface region of the Ge. In order to measure the photocurrent involved by near-filed lights, we fabricated a Schottky cell and applied a Au nano-mesh electrode on the n-type Ge. The efficiency of the Schottky cell with the Au nano-mesh electrode improved in infrared region compared to plain the Au-film Schottky cell. The agreement between theoretical simulations and experiments indicates that near-field lights enhance the carrier excitation in the semiconductor.
The incoherent transport model based on electron-phonon interaction was introduced for calculating the current-voltage characteristics of the nanowire conductor. The current-voltage characteristics of silicon nanowire calculated based on this model was discussed.
The charge transport was described by the rate equation containing the coherent (tunneling) and incoherent (energy dissipation) rates, and the incoherent rate was calculated from the Hamiltonian in which the electron-phonon interaction was incorporated. The coherent transition corresponds to the electronic transition between electrode states and channel states without any energy dissipation. On the other hand, the incoherent transition corresponds to the electronic transition between electrode states and channel states where the energy difference of those two states means a thermal dissipation. Therefore, in order to carry out the calculation by the rate equation, the density of states (DOSs) of the carriers in electrode and the channel and the DOS of the phonon in the channel are needed.
The current-voltage characteristics were calculated by using the DOS of n-type semiconductor for the electrode and by using intrinsic semiconductor DOS for the channel. In addition, the calculation was performed by using the DOS of the silicon nanowire phonon.
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