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To systematically investigate the influence of electrolyte substrates on Sr-segregation and SrSO4 formation in (LaSr)(CoFe)O3 (LSCF) cathodes in solid oxide fuel cells, model thin films were grown on Gd-doped ceria (GDC) and on Y-doped BaZrO3 (BZY) electrolytes by pulsed laser deposition and heat treated at 800–1000 °C in synthetic air with a trace amount of SO2. A severe SrSO4 formation was observed in LSCF on GDC as compared with the BZY, especially at low temperature. The difference in Sr-segregation and SrSO4 formation on the LSCF was discussed in relation to Sr diffusion and related elemental redistribution across the interfaces.
In-situ micro Raman spectroscopy has been adopted as one of the most powerful analytical techniques with high spacial resolution under controlled atmospheres. In the present study, phase transformation of NiO doped yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) was monitored by in-situ micro-Raman spectroscopy. Raman spectra change caused by the phase transformation from the cubic phase to the tetragonal phase was observed for the NiO doped YSZ during annealing at a high temperature of 1173 K under reducing atmosphere.
Three solid-oxide fuel cell (SOFC) electrolytes, yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ), rare-earth–doped ceria (REDC), and lanthanum strontium gallium magnesium oxide (LSGM), are reviewed on their electrical properties, materials compatibility, and mass transport properties in relation to their use in SOFCs. For the fluorite-type oxides (zirconia and ceria), electrical properties and thermodynamic stability are discussed in relation to their valence stability and the size of the host and dopant ions. Materials compatibility with electrodes is examined in terms of physicochemical features and their relationship to the electrochemical reactions. The application of secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) to detect interface reactivity is demonstrated. The usefulness of doped ceria is discussed as an interlayer to prevent chemical reactions at the electrode–electrolyte interfaces and also as an oxide component in Ni–cermet anodes to avoid carbon deposition on nickel surfaces. Finally, the importance of cation diffusivity in LSGM is discussed, with an emphasis on the grain-boundary effects.
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