To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Breast intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) is a partial irradiation technique that delivers a single fraction of radiation dose to the tumour bed during surgery. The use of this technique is increasing (especially in the Middle East), and therefore, it is essential to have a comprehensive approach to this treatment modality. The aim of this study is to conduct a literature review on available IORT modalities during breast irradiation as well as dedicated IORT machines and associated treatment procedures. The main IORT trials and corresponding clinical outcomes are also studied.
Materials and Methods
A computerised search was performed through MEDLINE, PubMed, PubMed Central, ISI web of knowledge and reference list of related articles.
IORT is now feasible through using two main modalities, including low-kilovolt IORT and intraoperative electron radiotherapy (IOERT). The dedicated machines employed and treatment procedure for mentioned modalities are quite different. The outcomes of implemented clinical trials showed that IORT is not inferior to external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) in specifically selected and well-informed patients and can be considered as an alternative to EBRT.
Although the clinical outcomes of introduced IORT methods are comparable, but based on the review results, it could be said that IOERT is the most effective technical method, in view of the treatment time and dose uniformity concepts. The popularity of IORT is mainly due to the distinguished obtained results during breast cancer treatment. Despite the presence of some technical challenges, it is expected that the IORT technique will become more widespread in the immediate future.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.