Our study describes the synthesis of novel nanoscale Pd cage and wires whose sizes and shapes are templated by mesoporous matrices. The templates used are cubic phase MCM-48 and hexagonal phase CnMCM-41 (n = 16, and 22), SBA-15, which have pore diameters of ∼3, ∼3.8, ∼4.7, and ∼9 nm, respectively. For Pd@MCM-48, the Pd metal forms spherical domains (∼38 nm) consisting of three dimensionally interconnected into Pd arrays; for Pd@SBA-15 and Pd@MCM-41, the Pd metal forms of one-dimensional wires. Etching out the matrix produces porous Pd cages (pore sizes of ∼1.5 - 2.0 nm) with retaining original domain sizes of ∼38 nm; similarly Pd@SBA-15 and Pd@MCM-41 afford freestanding Pd nanowires. All the materials are examined by TEM, XRD, BET, and EDAX analysis. Furthermore, the thermal behavior of Pd nanowire is briefly described.