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Higher education institutions have an unavoidable responsibility to address the looming economic, environmental and social crises imperilling humans and ecosystems by placing ‘education for sustainability’ at the heart of their concerns. Yet, for over three decades, the practice of ‘higher education for sustainability’ (HEfS) has encountered significant barriers to implementation, begging the question as to why. Drawing on a diverse, interdisciplinary literature, we identify four structural impediments to implementing HEfS: (1) disciplinary contestation, which creates confusion over what ‘sustainability’ means; (2) institutional fragmentation, which prevents the interdisciplinary dialogue that sustainability demands; (3) economic globalisation, which transforms higher education into just another market opportunity; and (4) ‘fast and frugal’ habits of reasoning, which steer time-pressed academics towards poorly integrated decisions and unsustainable positions. Our analysis highlights that wider structural change within and beyond the academy will be required if higher education institutions are to meet their responsibilities and drive the necessary social transformation.
While the term 'suicide' is defined within prisons more broadly than in the community, the term of self-inflicted death (SID) is widely used in practice in prisons. This chapter looks at three particular groups of prisoners for discussing suicides in prisons: black prisoners, lifers and women prisoners. Given that the individual risk factors associated with an inflated risk of suicide correlate highly with the characteristics of criminals, it would be predicted that black prisoners who are less 'criminal' may show lower levels of risk factors for suicide. Lifers appear to have peaks and troughs with their risk of suicide linked to the points at which key decisions are made at official reviews about their futures. Data available on women prisoners show that they have lower rates of suicide than men both outside and inside prisons. The chapter also talks about interpersonal and counselling skills for working with suicidal prisoners.