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PREDICT was a Canadian, multicenter, prospective, observational study in adults naïve to onabotulinumtoxinA treatment for chronic migraine (CM). We descriptively assess health resource utilization, work productivity, and acute medication use.
OnabotulinumtoxinA (155–195 U) was administered every 12 weeks over 2 years (≤7 treatment cycles). Participants completed a 4-item health resource utilization questionnaire and 6-item Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire: Specific Health Problem V2.0. Acute medication use was recorded in daily headache diaries. Treatment-emergent adverse events were recorded throughout the study.
A total of 197 participants were enrolled, and 184 received ≥1 treatment with onabotulinumtoxinA and were included in the analysis. Between baseline and the final visit, there were decreases in the percentage of participants who reported headache-related healthcare professional visit(s) (96.2% to 76.8%) and those who received headache-related diagnostic testing (37.5% to 9.9%). Reductions from baseline were also observed in the mean number of headache-related visits to an emergency room/urgent care clinic (2.5 to 1.4) and median headache-related hospital admissions (4.0 to 1.0). OnabotulinumtoxinA improved work productivity and reduced the mean (standard deviation) number of hours missed from work over a 7-day period (6.1 [9.7] to 3.0 [6.8]). Mean (standard deviation) acute medication use decreased from baseline (15.2 [7.6] to 9.1 [6.5] days). No new safety signals were identified.
Real-world evidence from PREDICT demonstrates that onabotulinumtoxinA treatment for CM in the Canadian population reduces health resource utilization and acute medication use and improves workplace productivity, supporting the long-term benefits of using onabotulinumtoxinA for CM.
The PREDICT study assessed real-world, long-term health-related quality of life in adults with chronic migraine (CM) receiving onabotulinumtoxinA.
Canadian, multicenter, prospective, observational study in adults naïve to onabotulinumtoxinA for CM. OnabotulinumtoxinA (155–195 U) was administered every 12 weeks over 2 years (≤7 treatment cycles). Primary endpoint: mean change in Migraine-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (MSQ) at treatment 4 (Tx4) versus baseline. Secondary endpoints: mean change in MSQ at final visit versus baseline, and headache days.
184 participants (average age 45 years; 84.8% female; 94.6% Caucasian) received ≥1 onabotulinumtoxinA treatment; 150 participants completed 4 treatments (1 year) and 123 completed all 7 treatment cycles (2 years). Mean (SD) onabotulinumtoxinA dose per treatment cycle was 171 (18) U and treatment interval was 13.2 (1.8) weeks. Baseline mean (SD) 20.9 (6.7) headache days/month decreased (Tx1: −3.5 [6.3]; Tx4: −6.5 [6.6]; p < 0.0001 versus baseline). Mean (SD) increased from baseline in MSQ at Tx4 (restrictive: 21.5 [24.3], preventive: 19.5 [24.7], emotional: 22.9 [32.9]) and the final visit (restrictive: 21.3 [23.0], preventive: 19.2 [23.7], emotional: 27.4 [30.7]), exceeding minimal important differences (all p < 0.0001). Seventy-seven (41.8%) participants reported 168 treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs); 38 TEAEs (12.0%) were considered treatment-related. Four (2.2%) participants reported six serious TEAEs; none were considered treatment-related. No new safety signals were identified.
Real-world evidence from PREDICT demonstrates that onabotulinumtoxinA for CM in Canada improved MSQ scores and reduced headache frequency and severity, adding to the body of evidence on the long-term safety and effectiveness of onabotulinumtoxinA for CM.
Symptoms of cervical dystonia (CD) can vary in severity and cause significant pain. OnabotulinumtoxinA is an approved treatment for CD. This study assessed health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with CD who received multiple onabotulinumtoxinA treatments.
This prospective, observational standard-of-care study was conducted at multiple neurology centers in Québec, Canada. Patients reported the health impact of CD using the Cervical Dystonia Impact Profile (CDIP)-58, before and after up to eight onabotulinumtoxinA treatments. Other measures included the Cervical Dystonia Severity Rating Scale by physician, employment status using the Work Productivity Questionnaire and pain using the Pain Numeric Rating Scale (PNRS). Adverse events (AEs) were recorded.
Sixty-two patients were enrolled (safety population, n = 61; modified efficacy population, n = 58). Participants were mostly females who were employed; most (79.3%) had torticollis. In all, 21/62 patients (33.9%) discontinued the study. At the final visit, there was a statistically significant (p < 0.001) improvement in all eight CDIP-58 subscales, particularly head and neck symptoms (−31.0) and psychosocial functioning (−28.2). Employment increased from baseline (55%) to the end of the study (64%), and there was improvement in work productivity. There was a significant (p < 0.0001) reduction in pain measured by the PNRS, from −0.5 post-treatment 1 to −2.4 at end of study. AEs (neck pain, muscular weakness, dysphagia, nausea) were consistent with onabotulinumtoxinA use.
These real-world data indicate that after repeated, long-term use, onabotulinumtoxinA continues to be a safe and effective treatment for CD, improving HRQoL and work productivity.
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