Background:Candida auris is of global concern due to its increasing frequency in intensive care units (ICUs), reported resistance to antifungal agents, propensity to cause outbreaks, and persistence in clinical environments. We investigated an increase in C. auris cases in an ICU in Kenya to determine the source of transmission and to control the spread of the disease. Methods: To identify cases, we reviewed laboratory records of patients with blood cultures yielding C. auris and organisms for which it is commonly misidentified by Vitek 2 v 8.01 software (ie, C. haemulonii, C. duobushaemulonii and C. famata) during January 2018–May 2019. We retrospectively reviewed medical charts of C. auris patients to extract information on demographics, underlying conditions, hospital procedures, treatments, and outcomes. We also enhanced infection control efforts by implementing contact precautions, equipment, and environmental disinfection, and hand hygiene training and compliance observations. Results: We identified 32 C. auris patients (Fig. 1). Median patient age was 55 years (IQR, 43–65), and 57% were male. Length of hospitalization before C. auris isolation was 30 days (IQR, 14–36). All had been admitted to the ICU. The most common reasons for admission were sepsis (50%), pneumonia (34%), surgery (25%), and stroke or other neurologic diagnosis (25%). Underlying comorbidities included hypertension (38%), diabetes mellitus (25%), and malignancy (29%). Two patients had HIV. Moreover, 61% of cultures yielded multidrug-resistant bacteria. Also, 33% of the patients had been admitted to this hospital in the preceding 3 months; 21% had been admitted to a hospital outside of Kenya; and 10% had been admitted to another hospital in Kenya in the previous year. Almost all (97%) had a central venous catheter, 45% had an acute dialysis catheter, 66% had an endotracheal tube, and 34% had a tracheostomy, with 69% receiving mechanical ventilation before C. auris isolation. Most (94%) had urinary catheters, 84% had nasogastric tubes, 91% had received total parenteral nutrition, and 75% had received blood products. All patients received broad-spectrum antibiotics and 49% received an antifungal before C. auris isolation. All-cause in-hospital mortality was 64% for the 28 patients whose outcomes were available. Following implementation of a hand hygiene campaign and improved equipment and environmental disinfection, no further cases were identified. Conclusions: We identified C. auris bloodstream infections associated with high all-cause mortality in a Kenyan hospital ICU. All patients had treatments and procedures suggesting severe underlying illness. Enhanced infection control contained the outbreak.