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Although my evidence is anecdotal and impressionistic, my sense is that political science teaching, research, and careers are less likely to involve UK politics and the Special Relationship between the United States and the United Kingdom.
Do people’s political beliefs alter the emphasis they place on different symbols when constructing their “personal” national identity (Cohen 1996)? Does the content of their national identity affect how they vote? These are the central questions we address in this article, focusing on England but using the United States as a comparative case to demonstrate common dynamics.
This article responds to the stimulating comments of Kurt Weyland (2015) about the important but seldom discussed full professor promotion process. He suggested a number of problems, particularly candidates who are too eager to “go up” and institutions with insufficiently rigorous publication standards. Rather than proposing a top-down solution, Weyland urged associate professors to wait until they cleared a high research bar. By contrast, I see few systemic problems with the current promotion process. Although research is important, our academic ecosystem requires the valuing of a wide range of faculty activities and contributions. In addition, asking faculty to jump through even more research hoops may be ‘fiddling while Rome burns.’ It overlooks the crucial issue that we all face: making the case for the value of higher education to taxpayers, parents, lawmakers, students, employers, philanthropists, voters, and society. I am optimistic that we can do so, but it may require a new set of academic priorities—less of the status games that can animate our academic lives and more of a focus on how our work benefits society.
Many scholars discount the value of edited volumes and book chapters to the social science enterprise. Nevertheless, these unique formats advance scholarship, help faculty and graduate students achieve their goals, and enhance teaching and learning. This article therefore assesses the criticisms of volumes and chapters, reconsiders the contributions of these publications, and makes recommendations for improving their accessibility and status.
The 2006 election will best be remembered for returning Democrats to
power in both the U.S. Senate and the House of Representatives. By
almost any metric, November 7 was a bad day for the Republicans.
After 12 years of Republican majorities, the Democrats picked up 31
seats in the House and six in the Senate. While significant GOP
losses were expected, the results on Election Day were essentially
the best case scenario for the Democrats.
On many campuses, the sight of a student in a military uniform is
common. On other campuses, the military is a distant institution
with few visible affiliations. Why are some students in uniform,
what are they doing, what are the costs and benefits to the
individual, and what are the implications for the nation? This
article will discuss these questions, along with a brief history of
the Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) program and its
relationship to the often-discussed civil-military gap.
The last symposium on Canada in PS was published in 1993, but
little seems to have changed in the attitude of American political
scientists toward this nation. To quote from the previous symposium
In A Nation Too Good to Lose, former Canadian Prime Minister
Joe Clark worried that the future of Canada was by no means guaranteed:
“I am surprised by the number of thoughtful Canadians, particularly
outside Québec, who assume that Canada will stay together in the
future simply because it has stayed together in the past” (1994,
50). He noted that, “There is no rule that says every country should
succeed, and none that requires failed countries to stay together. Divorce
is acceptable in international relations. So no one argues that Canada
should stay together just because it is here” (125).
Numerical solutions have been obtained for steady streaming flow past an axisymmetric drop over a wide range of Reynolds numbers (0.005 [les ] Re [les ] 250), Weber numbers (0.005 [les ] We [les ] 14), viscosity ratios (0.001 [les ] λ [les ] 1000), and density ratios (0.001 [les ] ζ [les ] 1000). Our results indicate that at lower Reynolds numbers the shape of the drop tends toward a spherical cap with increasing We, but at higher Re the body becomes more disk shaped with increasing We. Unlike the recirculating wake behind an inviscid bubble or solid particle, the eddy behind a drop is detached from the interface. The size of the eddy and the separation distance from the drop depend on the four dimensionless parameters of the problem. The motion of the fluid inside the drop appears to control the behaviour of the external flow near the body, and even for cases when λ and ζ [Lt ] 1 (a ‘real’ bubble), a recirculating wake remains unattached.
In presidential elections over the last several decades, observers have noticed two
patterns involving Latinos. The first, according to DeSipio and de la Garza (2002, 398), is that “With each presidential election, the media and the
punditocracy discover Latinos anew.” As Jorge Ramos (2004) pointed
out, “Without fail every four years, many politicians in the United States rediscover
Latinos, only to forget them all over again for the next three years…It is a phenomenon so
predictable that I have dubbed it the ‘Christopher Columbus Syndrome.”’
The Democratic and Republican parties both pursue a Downsian median
voter strategy that has direct implications for the role of African
Americans and Latinos in national politics. The driving force in much
national politics is still the politically polarizing Black-White
divide in the South, which provides the necessary foundation for a
nationally competitive Republican Party. This Black-White racial divide
also pushes the Democratic Party to deracialize its campaigns as guided
by the strategy of the Democratic Leadership Council.
Counterintuitively, however, the more recent strategy of the Republican
Party also contains symbolic appeals to racial inclusion with a
specific focus on Latinos and a consistent marginalization of African
Americans. These are efforts to soften their social conservatism to
appeal to moderate “swing” White voters. We conclude that
the current politics of race and ethnicity in national party politics,
by Republicans and Democrats, can serve to marginalize the interests of
both African Americans and Latinos in substantive policymaking.
This article examines the extent of political participation by Latino non-citizens across the United States. The only previous national quantitative research on this topic is by Verba, Schlozman and Brady, who found little difference between the participation rates of Latino citizens and non-citizens. Using the Latino National Political Survey, large differences between citizen and non-citizen participation are found. Although Latino non-citizens participated in non-electoral political activities and in non-political civic groups, they were significantly less likely to do so than Latino citizens. Examination of the non-citizen population shows that immigrants who understood politics better, planned on naturalizing, had a stronger ethnic identity, were more familiar with English and were younger were more likely to become involved. The traditional socio-economic measures of education and income as well as length of stay in the United States were non-significant predictors of non-citizen participation.