To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
OBJECTIVES/GOALS: Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a serious and impairing disorder. The peripartum is associated with changes in pre-existing OCD, including exacerbation and improvement of the disorder. This meta-analysis seeks to understand the proportion of women reporting a change in OCD during this time. METHODS/STUDY POPULATION: Nine studies with independent samples examining change in obsessive-compulsive symptomology (OCS) in the peripartum were included in the meta-analysis. Studies were included if the sample examined with women with a clinical diagnosis of OCD that pre-existed pregnancy onset. The meta-analysis was conducted using R Studio with Meta, Metafor and Weightr packages. A moderation analysis was conducted to examine the impact of gestational period on OCD symptoms. Gestational periods were defined as pregnancy, postpartum, or the peripartum. Peripartum refers to a collapsed postpartum/pregnant period such that the period was not identified or specified during data collection. RESULTS/ANTICIPATED RESULTS: The summary proportion of women who experienced no change in symptoms was 46.7% (CI: 42.0-51.4%). No change by period was: pregnancy 49.6% (CI: 36.3-62.9%); postpartum 45.6% (CI: 41.4-49.9%); peripartum 52.4% (CI: 42.4-50.3%). The summary proportion of women who experienced exacerbation was 39.2% (CI: 33.5-45.5%). Exacerbation by period: pregnancy 35.5% (CI: 24.8-47.9%); postpartum 42.9% (CI: 34.8-51.4%); peripartum 34.6% (CI: 23.7-47.4%). The summary proportion of women who experienced improvement was 11.5% (CI: 9.3-14.4%). Improvement by period: pregnancy 42.9% (CI: 14.7-77.0%); postpartum 7.8% (CI: 5.7-10.4%); peripartum 19.6% (CI: 13.7-27.3%). Gestational period had a moderating effect. DISCUSSION/SIGNIFICANCE OF IMPACT: During the peripartum 46% report no change, 40% a worsening and 12% an improvement. Improvement typically occurs during pregnancy and may be followed by a postpartum worsening. This may reflect a hormonally-sensitive subsection of women impacted by the acute changes that occur during this time.
OBJECTIVES/SPECIFIC AIMS: By combining clinical knowledge of hoarding disorder (HD) with qualitative methods from cultural anthropology, we hope to build a patient-centered approach that will allow us to better understand the clinician perspectives on patient motivations and explanatory models of individuals with HD, and improve treatment outcomes. We describe the ways that these methodologies are productively merged in this project as a result of TL1 collaboration, and present a preliminary picture of methodological and theoretical issues uncovered as part of this processes. We further describe the analytical methods used for this project, and explore issues raised through the combination of psychological and anthropological data and insights. METHODS/STUDY POPULATION: This study represents an attempt to combine the qualitative methodologies of cultural anthropology with the clinical knowledge of psychology and psychiatry in order to better understand gaps between provider and patient beliefs and knowledge about hoarding disorder. This study will present preliminary methodological issues arising from interviews with hoarding experts. RESULTS/ANTICIPATED RESULTS: This study will discuss preliminary issues including shared language, strengths and limitations of both disciplines, and factors for consideration when combining these disparate methodologies. It will close with recommendations for consideration when moving forward with similar collaborations. DISCUSSION/SIGNIFICANCE OF IMPACT: This project seeks to unite psychological and social factors that may contribute to the lived experience of individuals with HD in order to better understand the way that HD is manifested. It also unites disparate methodologies to provide us with a more holistic and complete picture of the experience of HD. While HD has been studied within psychiatry, it has never been assessed using the qualitative methods of anthropology. These methods provide the possibility of expanding knowledge about the ways that this disorder is experienced by individuals and their families, and potentially impacted by shared beliefs and cultures. Furthermore, qualitative data of this nature provides a patient perspective on the experience of HD as a psychiatric illness. This patient perspective can be used to better inform treatment, improve patient outcomes, and to allow providers and researchers to gain a fuller understanding of this complex population.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.