Witchweed (Striga asiatica Lour. ♯4 STRLU) seed remained viable for 6 yr under open-shelf laboratory conditions and for 14 yr when deep buried under field conditions. Seed kept in normal atmosphere of the laboratory for < 1 through 6 yr had the following germination percentages: 2, 95, 95, 94, 83, 38, and 7. Newly harvested seed will not germinate because of postmaturity ripening requirements. There were no viable seed after 7 yr of shelf storage in the laboratory. Seed buried in the field gave 60 to 90% germination the first season after production. Annual recovery and testing showed a gradual reduction in viability to 10% at year 14 for the deepest buried seed; shallower buried seed expired sooner. No germination occurred thereafter.