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An important problem in modeling networks is how to generate a randomly sampled graph with given degrees. A popular model is the configuration model, a network with assigned degrees and random connections. The erased configuration model is obtained when self-loops and multiple edges in the configuration model are removed. We prove an upper bound for the number of such erased edges for regularly-varying degree distributions with infinite variance, and use this result to prove central limit theorems for Pearson’s correlation coefficient and the clustering coefficient in the erased configuration model. Our results explain the structural correlations in the erased configuration model and show that removing edges leads to different scaling of the clustering coefficient. We prove that for the rank-1 inhomogeneous random graph, another null model that creates scale-free simple networks, the results for Pearson’s correlation coefficient as well as for the clustering coefficient are similar to the results for the erased configuration model.
We study the average nearest-neighbour degree a(k) of vertices with degree k. In many real-world networks with power-law degree distribution, a(k) falls off with k, a property ascribed to the constraint that any two vertices are connected by at most one edge. We show that a(k) indeed decays with k in three simple random graph models with power-law degrees: the erased configuration model, the rank-1 inhomogeneous random graph, and the hyperbolic random graph. We find that in the large-network limit for all three null models, a(k) starts to decay beyond
and then settles on a power law
the degree exponent.
We consider subgraph counts in general preferential attachment models with power-law degree exponent
$\tau > 2$
. For all subgraphs H, we find the scaling of the expected number of subgraphs as a power of the number of vertices. We prove our results on the expected number of subgraphs by defining an optimization problem that finds the optimal subgraph structure in terms of the indices of the vertices that together span it and by using the representation of the preferential attachment model as a Pólya urn model.
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