To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
A range of interventions has been devised to try to extend the potential range for conventional ventilation, as well as alternative strategies to support patients with respiratory failure beyond the current limits of conventional ventilation. Given that in the majority of patients acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is reversible, placing the patient in the prone position during conventional ventilation can improve oxygenation failure in this setting. Recruitment manoeuvres (RMs) are used to improve the volume of aerated lung, and consequently hypoxaemia, principally in patients receiving conventional ventilation for ARDS. In adult practice in the UK, high-frequency oscillation (HFOV) is generally used as a rescue for ARDS patients with refractory hypoxaemia on conventional ventilation. Extracorporeal CO2 removal potentially offers a rescue intervention in patients with severe hypercarbic respiratory failure. Transtracheal gas insufflation (TGI) appears a promising complementary technique to mechanical ventilation.