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The covalent grafting of low-molecular weight poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) onto high surface silica nanoparticles (Cab-O-Sil EH5) has been accomplished by a multi-step reaction. Reaction involved PEG attachment by epoxide-terminated ring opening of a sylilation agent previously grafted. A maximum grafting density of 0.42 PEG per nm2 has been determined by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Differential scanning (DSC) calorimetry confirmed the modification of silica after reaction. Infra-Red (IR) analysis and Carbon-13 Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (13C MAS NMR) confirmed PEG fixation and opening of the epoxide ring.
The processing of fire-resistant non-halogeneted electric cables is a specific challenge. Metal hydroxides have always been extensively used as fillers in the insulating polymer sheaths. Recently, an hydrated zinc borate has been said to act in synergy with the traditionnal aluminium trihydroxide. We report the results of a microstructural investigation of a cable containing zinc borate in combination with aluminium trihydroxide, submitted to different heat treatments in order to get information about the structural modifications and the degradation of the electrical properties. We conclude with a short proposal to improve its efficiency.
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