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To analyze, for all the pediatric consultations in 2008 in the emergency ward of the Pediatric Hospital of the University of Campinas, the clinical and demographic profile of the consultations in which there was a possible psychiatric diagnosis.
Review of all forms of consultations for children enrolled in the unit during 2008, selecting those with the possibility of a psychiatric diagnosis.
Of 21,811 consultations in 2008, 95(0.43%) included psychiatric complaints - 60(63.2%) girls and 35(36.8%) boys, aged 1-13 years(9±0.4). 70(73.7%) were white, 18(18.9%) mixed and 7(7.4%) black. A psychiatric evaluation was called for in 39(41.0%) cases. In 35(36.8%) sexual abuse was suspected. Other forms of violence were reported in 8(8.4%) cases. There were 6(6.31%) suicide attempts, 10(10.5%) cases of extreme agitation, 14(14.7%) consultations for extreme anxiety/dissociative symptoms, 5(5.3%) for depressive symptoms and 4(4.2%) for a psychotic condition. Twenty(21.1%) children were already using psychotropic drugs at the time of evaluation and in 29(30.5%) evaluations there were subsequent psychiatric interventions, with drug prescriptions in 11(37.9%). Nine(9.5%) children had clinical/pediatric conditions.
Children may need psychiatric care in emergency situations for various conditions. Despite the small percentage among the total number of pediatric emergency consultations, psychiatric evaluation, when necessary, can be useful and have an impact on diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. The plight of these children can be intense, demanding prompt and effective action. A psychiatrist can provide assistance that may help the pediatrician in the management of severe pathological conditions that affect the mental lives of children.
To analyze the qualitative answers profile of an anonymous standardized survey, with qualitative and quantitative questions, about the Brazilian psychiatrists' perceptions on their use of the multiaxial diagnostic systems ICD 10 and DSM-IV and on their expectations about future revisions of these classifications (ICD-11 and DSM-V).
the questionnaire, elaborated by Graham Mellsop (New Zealand), was translated into Portuguese and sent through mail to 1050 psychiatrists affiliated to the Brazilian Psychiatry Association. The quantitative analysis is presented elsewhere.
One hundred and sixty questionaries returned (15,2%). From these, 71,1% of the open questions where answered. The most needed and/or desirable qualities in a psychiatric classification were found to be: simplicity, criteria clarity, objectivity, comprehensibility, reliability and ease to use. The axis I of the ICD-10 was reported to be the most used due to its instrumental character in addition to being the official classification, including for legal and bureaucratic purposes. The DSM-IV was also used in the everyday practice, mostly for education and research purposes, by psychiatrists with academic affiliations. The less frequent use of the multiaxial systems was justified by the lack of training and familiarity, the overload of information and by the fact they are not mandatory. It was evaluated that some diagnostic categories must be reviewed, like: mental retardation, eating disorders, personality disorders, sleeping disorders, child and adolescence disorders, affective and schizoaffective disorders.
This material offers a systematic panorama about the psychiatrists' opinions and expectations concerning the diagnostic instruments used in the daily practice.
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