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The Letters of Ernest Hemingway, Volume 6 (June 1934–June 1936) traces the completion and publication of Hemingway's experimental nonfiction book Green Hills of Africa and work on stories including 'The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber' and 'The Snows of Kilimanjaro.' In more than twenty pieces in Esquire, he relates his hunting and fishing exploits, discusses writing and writers, and becomes more politically vocal, addressing topical concerns. During this period he immerses himself in big game fishing off Key West, Cuba, and Bimini, gathering specimens for scientific study and making record catches, as well as taking on boxing challengers. He maintains longstanding literary friendships, advises and helps aspiring writers and contemporary artists, and makes public his disdain of critics. Volume 6 also features for the first time an Appendix of Earlier Letters (1918–1934) that have come to light since publication of previous volumes. Writing his epistolary autobiography, Hemingway himself reveals the many and sometimes contradictory facets of his wide-ranging genius.
Health care delivery is shifting away from the clinic and into the home. Even prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, the use of telehealth, wearable sensors, ambient surveillance, and other products was on the rise. In the coming years, patients will increasingly interact with digital products at every stage of their care, such as using wearable sensors to monitor changes in temperature or blood pressure, conducting self-directed testing before virtually meeting with a physician for a diagnosis, and using smart pills to document their adherence to prescribed treatments. This volume reflects on the explosion of at-home digital health care and explores the ethical, legal, regulatory, and reimbursement impacts of this shift away from the 20th-century focus on clinics and hospitals towards a more modern health care model. This title is also available as Open Access on Cambridge Core.
This fully updated fourth edition explores microeconomic concepts, with a distinctive emphasis on 'the economic way of thinking' and its applicability to sharp managerial thinking, productivity, and good decision-making. It stands apart due to its strong focus on practical and applied knowledge from the business context and its unique structure (Part I of each chapter develops key economic principles; Part II draws on those principles to discuss organizational and incentive issues in management, focusing on solving the 'principal-agent' problem to maximize the profitability of the firm). There are plentiful real-life scenarios and provocative examples in each chapter. Accessible to MBA students, other graduate students and undergraduates, it is ideal as a core text for courses in Managerial Economics. Requiring an understanding of only basic algebra, this new edition is more concise with a wealth of online resources, including additional online chapters and an online appendix with more advanced mathematical applications.
There is an uncomfortably large gulf between academic research and what policy economists use to understand the economy. A Practical Guide to Macroeconomics shows how economists at policy institutions approach important real-world questions and explains why existing academic work – theoretical and empirical – has little to offer them. It argues that this disconnect between theory and practice is problematic for policymaking and the economics profession and looks at what's needed to make academic research more relevant for policy. The book also covers topics related to economic measurement and provides a compact overview of US macroeconomic statistics that will help researchers use these data in a better-informed way.
Mainstream economics assumes economic agents act and make decisions to maximize their utility. This model of economic behavior, based on rational choice theory, has come under increasing attack in economics because it does not accurately reflect the way people behave and reason. The shift towards a more realistic account of economic agents has been mostly associated with the rise of behavioral economics, which views individuals through the lens of bounded rationality. Identity, Capabilities, and Changing Economics goes further and uses identity analysis to build on this critique of the utility conception of individuals, arguing it should be replaced by a conception of economic agents in an uncertain world as socially embedded and identified with their capabilities. Written by one of the world's leading philosophers of economics, the book develops a new approach to economics' theory of the individual, explaining individuals as adaptive and reflexive rather than utility maximizing.
This is the first scholarly commentary on Cicero's Divinatio in Caecilium and the first new critical edition in over 100 years. The commentary demonstrates that the Divinatio was atypical of the genre. In both form and content, the speech is styled as a forensic prosecution rather than a pre-trial deliberation. It also functions as an effective piece of literary criticism and a pedagogical treatise to preface the Verrine corpus. Consequently scholars are encouraged to reconsider how published oratory in Rome functioned as teaching aid, personal propaganda, historical record, and literary production. The Divinatio touches on issues with strong resonance for contemporary society: the responsibility of the government to represent and defend marginalised communities, cultural identity and integration in a multi-ethnic society, the perils of persuasive speech, abuses of political and military power, due process of law, and changing notions of intellectual and cultural property.
The capability approach is a versatile framework rooted on issues of justice and multidimensional assessment of quality of life developed in the 1980s as an alternative approach to prevailing mainstream development ideas focused narrowly on economic development. Most closely associated with the work of Amartya Sen, it has become of great interest to development scholars from a variety of different disciplines. Much has already been done exploring the conceptual foundations of the capability approach and discussing Sen's contribution to the field, but few books have explored the links between social choice (another field with rich contributions by Sen) and human development issues. Featuring many of the world's leading experts on social choice theory and capability indicators, Social Choice, Agency, Inclusiveness and Capabilities combines these interrelated themes into one volume and fully explores the relevance of social choice to human development.
Decarbonisation is the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions using low carbon power sources, lowering output of greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere. This is essential to meet global temperature standards set by international climate agreements. To limit global warming to 1.5°C, hence avoiding the worst-case scenarios predicted by climate science, the world economy must rapidly reduce its emissions and reach climate neutrality within the next three decades. This will not be an easy journey. Shifting away from carbon-intensive production will require a historic transformation of the structure of our economies. Written by a team of academics linked to the European think tank Bruegel, The Macroeconomics of Decarbonisation provides a guide to the macroeconomic fundamentals of decarbonisation. It identifies the major economic transformations, both over the long- and short-run, and the roadblocks requiring policy intervention. It proposes a macroeconomic policy agenda for decarbonisation to achieve the climate goals of the international community.
Foregrounding the entangled history of China and the Philippines, Guingona brings to life an array of understudied, but influential characters, such as Filipino jazz musicians, magnetic Chinese swimmers, expert Filipino marksmen, leading Chinese educators, Philippine-Chinese bankers, Filipina Carnival Queens, and many others. Through archival research in multiple languages, this innovative study advances a more nuanced reading of world history, reframing our understanding of the first half of the twentieth century by bringing interactions between Asian people to the fore and minimizing the role of those who historically dominated global history narratives. Through methodologically distinct case studies, Guingona presents a critique of Eurocentric approaches to world/global history, shedding light on the interconnected history of China and the Philippines in a transformative period. This title is part of the Flip it Open Programme and may also be available Open Access. Check our website Cambridge Core for details.
Bringing together leading experts on Korea and US-Korean relations, Divided America, Divided Korea provides a nuanced look at the critical relationship between the US and the two Koreas during and after the Trump years. It considers domestic politics, soft power, human rights, trade, security policy, and more, while integrating the perspectives of those in the US, South and North Korea, Japan, China, and beyond. The authors, ranging from historians and political scientists to policymakers and practitioners, bring a myriad of perspectives and backgrounds to one of the most critical international relationships of the modern world during an unprecedented era of turmoil and change, while also offering critical analyses of the past and present, and somber warnings about the future.
Master fundamental technologies for modern semiconductor integrated circuits with this definitive textbook. It includes an early introduction of a state-of-the-art CMOS process flow, exposes students to big-picture thinking from the outset, and encourages a practical integration mindset. Extensive use of process and TCAD simulation, using industry tools such as Silvaco Athena and Victory Process, provides students with deeper insight into physical principles, and prepares them for applying these tools in a real-world setting. Accessible framing assumes only a basic background in chemistry, physics and mathematics, providing a gentle introduction for students from a wide range of backgrounds; and over 450 figures (many in color), and more than 280 end-of-chapter problems, will support and cement student understanding. Accompanied by lecture slides and solutions for instructors, this is the ideal introduction to semiconductor technology for senior undergraduate and graduate students in electrical engineering, materials science and physics, and for semiconductor engineering professionals seeking an authoritative introductory reference.
Benford's Law is a probability distribution for the likelihood of the leading digit in a set of numbers. This book seeks to improve and systematize the use of Benford's Law in the social sciences to assess the validity of self-reported data. The authors first introduce a new measure of conformity to the Benford distribution that is created using permutation statistical methods and employs the concept of statistical agreement. In a switch from a typical Benford application, this book moves away from using Benford's Law to test whether the data conform to the Benford distribution, to using it to draw conclusions about the validity of the data. The concept of 'Benford validity' is developed, which indicates whether a dataset is valid based on comparisons with the Benford distribution and, in relation to this, diagnostic procedure that assesses the impact of not having Benford validity on data analysis is devised.
As our society ages, questions concerning the relations between generations gain importance. The quality of human relations depends on the quality of emotion communication, which is a signiﬁcant part of our daily interactions. Emotion expressions serve not only to communicate how the expresser feels, but also to communicate intentions (whether to approach or retreat) and personality traits (such as dominance, trustworthiness, or friendliness) that inﬂuence our decisions regarding whether and how to interact with a person. Emotion Communication by the Aging Face and Body delineates how aging affects emotion communication and person perception by bringing together research across multiple disciplines. Scholars and graduate students in the psychology of aging, affective science, and social gerontology will beneﬁt from this over-view and theoretical framework.
Simple analytical solutions exist for the deflection by line loads of thin elastic beams that overlie an inviscid fluid substrate. Deflections for more complex rectangular- and triangular-shaped loads can be evaluated by integration. The deflection of a beam that varies in thickness along its length is best solved, however, by numerical rather than analytical methods. Foremost among them are finite difference techniques, and both two- and three-dimensional codes are now widely available. Thin-plate theory and a flat Earth are good approximations to make in most geological modelling applications.
Flexure is an important feature of deep-sea trench–outer rise systems. In particular, the topographic rises seaward of deep-sea trenches can be explained by vertical and horizontal loads that act on the approaching oceanic lithosphere. While the source of these loads is not always clear, they combine to flex the lithosphere downwards by a few kilometres at the trench and upwards by several hundreds of metres in the region of the topographic rise. Many of the differences in the bathymetry of deep-sea trench–outer rise systems can be explained by variations in Te of the approaching plate. Others may be due to variations in the state of stress that exist across the plate boundary. There is evidence that the flexure is large enough at some trenches to locally weaken the lithosphere and cause it to fail through normal faulting. Seamounts and oceanic islands that ‘ride’ the topographic rise will experience uplift and then subsidence as they are carried by plate motions into the trench. This will also be the case for continents that arrive at a trench because of the subduction of oceanic crust. Uplift is in the process of affecting New Caledonia and other neighbouring islands, and flexure seaward of trenches may explain several erosional unconformities that are observed in the ancient rock record.
Irrespective of dynamic topography, flexure influences landscape evolution in many tectonic settings. The shape of a flexural rim flank uplift formed by loading or unloading of the crust, for example, can induce a family of river systems in the landscape including dip, scarp and break-through streams. The strongest evidence of flexure’s influence though is from studies of large river systems in fold and thrust belts which incise sufficiently to unload the crust and form anticlines and in foreland basins where rivers exiting a fold and thrust belt may be redirected by flexure to flow along structure.
Perhaps most importantly, flexure affects structural inheritance and the Wilson Cycle. The Earth’s elastic lithosphere that can retain a memory of a geological event, appear both strong and weak on long timescales, and support stresses of hundreds of MPa ensures that flexure will play a role in explaining structural inheritance. Inheritance plays a major role in evolution of sedimentary basins as they morph from one type to another, in orogenic belts where thin-skin and thick-skin tectonic styles may vary along strike a fold and thrust belt, and in the Wilson Cycle where continents disperse and reassemble and oceans open and close.
The idea that loads on the Earth’s surface may be regionally rather than locally supported can be traced back to Gilbert and Barrell’s work at the turn of the twentieth century. Their work was carried out at a time when the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey promoted the use of local, rather than regional, models of isostasy. The geodesists, with the exception of Putnam, showed that regional models of isostasy were not required to explain geodetic data.
While Gilbert perhaps was influenced by the geodesists, Barrell was not. Barrell challenged the geodesists’ conclusions concerning local models of isostasy, invoking instead the idea that topography was supported regionally by the lateral strength of the lithosphere. Following Barrell’s death, there was a vacuum, and the new ideas of regional isostasy gradually gave way again to local models of isostasy, which continued to be championed by the geodesists, notably Hayford, Bowie and Heiskanen
The history thereafter is a punctuated one with “bursts” of activity followed by long periods of quiet. The work centred on the activities of a few individuals: Vening Meinesz, Gunn and Walcott. Vening Meinesz and Gunn were contemporaries but there is little evidence of any contact between them.
The Earth is the yardstick against which the state of isostasy on the terrestrial planets will be assessed in the future. The primary data sets will continue to be gravity anomaly and topography data together with seismic data which have the potential to image the surfaces of flexure directly. We are close to defining the relative contributions of plate flexure and mantle dynamics in contributing to Earth’s topography and gravity fields as well as to its crustal structure and vertical motion history. The acquisition of higher-resolution data will increase the number of estimates of Te of the planets which, in turn, will help us to understand better the complexities of their geodynamical evolution.