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The introduction to Asian American Literature in Transition, 1965-1996: Volume Three traces the formation of the Asian American literary canon as it was taking shape during the years the volume considers. In doing so, it attends to the rise of Asian American studies as a distinct interdiscipline, tracking the historical, political, and aesthetic debates that helped to define the field. In addition, the introduction gives the larger context for the four sections that organize the volume ("Immigration, Migration, and Movement," "Politics, Art, and Activism," "Institutionalization and Canon Formation," and "Diaspora and the Transnational Turn"), and provides summaries of the individual chapters.
Asian American Literature in Transition Volume Three: 1965–1996 offers a multidisciplinary perspective on the political and aesthetic stakes of what is now recognizable as an Asian American literary canon. It takes as its central focus the connections among literature, history, and migration, exploring how the formation of Asian American literary studies is necessarily inflected by demographic changes, student activism, the institutionalization of Asian American studies within the U.S. academy, U.S foreign policy (specifically the Cold War and conflicts in Southeast Asia), and the emergence of 'diaspora' and 'transnationalism' as important critical frames. Moving through sections that consider migration and identity, aesthetics and politics, canon formation, and transnationalism and diaspora, this volume tracks predominant themes within Asian American literature to interrogate an ever-evolving field. It features nineteen original essays by leading scholars, and is accessible to beginners in the field and more advanced researchers alike.
Children with CHD and acquired heart disease have unique, high-risk physiology. They may have a higher risk of adverse tracheal-intubation-associated events, as compared with children with non-cardiac disease.
Materials and methods
We sought to evaluate the occurrence of adverse tracheal-intubation-associated events in children with cardiac disease compared to children with non-cardiac disease. A retrospective analysis of tracheal intubations from 38 international paediatric ICUs was performed using the National Emergency Airway Registry for Children (NEAR4KIDS) quality improvement registry. The primary outcome was the occurrence of any tracheal-intubation-associated event. Secondary outcomes included the occurrence of severe tracheal-intubation-associated events, multiple intubation attempts, and oxygen desaturation.
A total of 8851 intubations were reported between July, 2012 and March, 2016. Cardiac patients were younger, more likely to have haemodynamic instability, and less likely to have respiratory failure as an indication. The overall frequency of tracheal-intubation-associated events was not different (cardiac: 17% versus non-cardiac: 16%, p=0.13), nor was the rate of severe tracheal-intubation-associated events (cardiac: 7% versus non-cardiac: 6%, p=0.11). Tracheal-intubation-associated cardiac arrest occurred more often in cardiac patients (2.80 versus 1.28%; p<0.001), even after adjusting for patient and provider differences (adjusted odds ratio 1.79; p=0.03). Multiple intubation attempts occurred less often in cardiac patients (p=0.04), and oxygen desaturations occurred more often, even after excluding patients with cyanotic heart disease.
The overall incidence of adverse tracheal-intubation-associated events in cardiac patients was not different from that in non-cardiac patients. However, the presence of a cardiac diagnosis was associated with a higher occurrence of both tracheal-intubation-associated cardiac arrest and oxygen desaturation.
South Asian American literature makes readers confront the triangulation of British and US empires in processes of South Asian racialization in the United States, forcing one to think about the United States and Britain as aligned and competing empires. South Asian American literature causes one to consider how the United States assumes the imperial mantle by calling attention to the connections between subcontinental nationalisms. The first so-called subaltern diaspora of the eighteenth through early twentieth centuries was made up primarily of slaves, indentured laborers, and other kinds of workers to Indian Ocean islands, East Africa, the Caribbean, and the West Coast of North America. South Asian diasporic literature in the Americas is one of the most cohesive hemispherically oriented diasporic literatures within Asian American studies. The creative work of South Asian American literature's most prominent author Jhumpa Lahiri offers a barometer of the evolving perceptions of South Asian American literature.
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