To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Technetium-99 is considered as one of the most dangerous nuclear environmental pollutants due to its long half-life (210,000 y.) and high mobility in aqueous solutions under oxidizing conditions. Development of sorbents, which are capable of irreversible uptake of Tc and further direct conversion into durable ceramic waste forms, is an important field of research. Titanate ceramic doped with up to 10 wt. % Tc was successfully synthesized using Layered Hydrazinium Titanate, LHT-9 (PCT/EP2010/001864) as starting precursor. LHT-9 is a new advanced compound of general formula (N2H5)1/2Ti1.87O4xH2O containing 6-7 wt. % of hydrazine chemically incorporated into a TiO2-based matrix. It was demonstrated that LHT-9 (5g/l) can reductively adsorb up to 90.2 wt. % of Tc from aqueous solutions containing 0.5g Tc/l. The obtained adsorption products can be easily converted into stable titanate ceramic by one-step sintering in argon atmosphere at 1200°C. Phase and chemical composition of synthesized Tc-doped ceramic are discussed.
Layered hydrazinium titanate LHT-9, (N2H5)1/2Ti1.87O4 is a new nanohybrid material related to lepidocrocite-type titanates. Unique combination of ion exchange, reductive properties, surface activity due to Brønsted acid sites and occurrence of surface titanyl groups allows exploring LHT-9 for simultaneous uptake of almost all components of liquid nuclear wastes. LHT-9 irreversibly removes technetium, molybdenum, palladium and selenium from their aqueous solutions by specific mechanism of reductive adsorption. For removal of cesium, strontium, transition elements, actinides and lanthanides LHT-9 provides mechanisms of ion exchange and surface complexation. Products of adsorption are nanocrystalline and homogeneous powders loaded with 5 to 15 wt. % of radionuclides and non-radioactive elements. LHT-9 can be applied as ready-to-use precursor for one-step synthesis of durable titanate ceramic waste forms similar to SYNROC. An essential advantage of LHT-9 in comparison with other titanate sorbents (monosodium titanate and peroxo-titanate materials) is the absence of Na in its composition that permits arbitrary tailoring of sorbent properties by simple pre-treatment with the desired elements. Results on sorption of americium, cesium, strontium and lanthanides by LHT-9 are discussed.
The high surface to volume ratio of nanoparticles allows a detailed experimental study of the surface phenomena associated with solid bridging. Besides bulk analyses, the local view on the structure and composition via HRTEM is particularly essential. 50 nm core shell particles consisting of a silicon (Si) core and a SiO2 shell were used as model system to understand surface phenomena appearing for Si-based nanostructures. Evaporative drying from de-ionized water shows the most significant bridging effect based on SiO2. There is only a localized deposition of oxides between the particles during the drying process and no overall oxidation. For the deposition material, silicates are the most likely candidates.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.