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Little is known about how hospital organizational and cultural factors associated with implementation of quality initiatives such as the Institute for Healthcare Improvement's (IHI) 100,000 Lives Campaign differ among levels of healthcare staff.
Evaluation of a mixed qualitative and quantitative methodology (“trilogic evaluation model”).
Six hospitals that joined the campaign before June 2006.
Three strata of staff (executive leadership, midlevel, and frontline) at each hospital.
Surveys were completed in 2008 by 135 hospital personnel (midlevel, 43.7%; frontline, 38.5%; executive, 17.8%) who also participated in 20 focus groups. Overall, 93% of participants were aware of the IHI campaign in their hospital and perceived that 58% (standard deviation, 22.7%) of improvements in quality at their hospital were a direct result of the campaign. There were significant differences between staff levels on the organizational culture (OC) items, with executive-level staff having higher scores than midlevel and frontline staff. All 20 focus groups perceived that the campaign interventions were sustainable and that data feedback, buy-in, hardwiring (into daily activities), and leadership support were essential to sustainability.
The trilogic model demonstrated that the 3 levels of staff had markedly different perceptions regarding the IHI campaign and OC. A framework in which frontline, midlevel, and leadership staff are simultaneously assessed may be a useful tool for future evaluations of OC and quality initiatives such as the IHI campaign.
Division of the left atrium is a rare congenital lesion, but one which is amenable to complete surgical correction. We describe twin brothers, demonstrated to be monozygotic, who presented in infancy with cardiac failure, pulmonary congestion and mild cyanosis. Both were found to have systemic and pulmonary venous return to a common atrial chamber, separated from the left atrial appendage and the vestibule supporting the mitral valve by a typical muscular diaphragm with a single small orifice. In one twin, there was also persistence of the left superior caval vein, while, in the other twin, a remnant of the primary atrial septum was present. Excision of the diaphragm and neoseptation of the atrial chambers was performed in both infants. At 10 years after surgery, there was normal growth and development in both twins, with no evidence of recurrent obstruction.
Congenitally corrected transposition is a complex cardiac lesion that is often associated with ventricular septal defect, obstruction of the outflow tract of the morphologically left ventricle, and abnormalities of the morphologically tricuspid valve.1,2 Nomenclature for this lesion has been variable and confusing.1 In this review, we define, and hopefully clarify this terminology. The lesion is a combination of discordant union of the atrial chambers with the ventricles, and the ventricles with the arterial trunks.1,2 In rare circumstances, discordant atrioventricular connections can be associated with concordant ventriculo-arterial connections. This malformation has been called “isolated ventricular inversion”. The term is less than precise, and the descriptive approach using the phrase “discordant atrioventricular connections with concordant ventriculo-arterial connections” is preferred, as discussed below.
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