The problem of finite-time tracking control for n-link flexible-joint robot manipulators is addressed. An adaptive fuzzy finite-time command-filtered backstepping control scheme is presented to solve the following problems: “explosion of terms” problem, finite-time stabilization of the closed-loop system, and the reduction of computational cost. To this end, new virtual adaptive control signals and new finite-time error compensation mechanism are constructed using inherent properties of robot manipulator systems. Based on the Lyapunov theory, the finite-time stabilization of the closed-loop system is proved. Simulation studies show the effectiveness of the proposed method.